Data intensive applications that require large amounts of data to be uploaded to the cloud can run more effectively by using a combination of 5G and edge computing. While edge computing has rapidly gained popularity over the past few years, there are still countless debates about the definition of related terms and the right business models, architectures and technologies required to satisfy the seemingly endless number of emerging use cases of this novel way of deploying applications over distributed networks. There are over 3,000 pieces of equipment on the factory floor including presses, assembly machines, paint robots and conveyers. The good news is that edge computing is based on an evolution of an ecosystem of trusted technologies. With edge computing, cameras that are located close to the event can determine whether a human is caught in the fire by identifying characteristics typical of a human being and clothing that humans might normally wear which might survive the fire. In this brief overview of edge computing technology, we’ve shown how edge computing is relevant to challenges faced by many industries, but especially the telecommunications industry. The focus of the project was to allow CSPs to manage and deliver multiple high-value products and services so that they can be delivered to market more quickly and efficiently, including capabilities around 5G. The devices present at the edge of the network vary based upon the functionalities. It is important to recognize the importance of managing workloads in discreet ways as the less discreet, the more limited in how we might deploy and manage them. The connection operation is based on a routing mechanism and makes MQTT as the best possible connection protocol for both IoT and M2M. Define a reference architecture for edge and far edge deployments including OpenStack services and other open source components as building blocks. Edge provides data computing capabilities nearer to the source of data. The more complex edge devices have processing power to do additional activities. THE CERTIFICATION NAMES ARE THE TRADEMARKS OF THEIR RESPECTIVE OWNERS. Introduction. An edge gateway is typically an edge cluster/server which, in addition to being able to host enterprise application workloads and shared services, also has services that perform network functions such as protocol translation, network termination, tunneling, firewall protection, or wireless connection. Consider this example: A manufacturer of electric bicycles is trying to reduce downtime. This trend has made it more challenging to consolidate data and processing in a single data center, giving rise to the use of “edge computing.” This architecture performs computations near the edge of the network, which is closer to the data source. The architecture focuses on reducing bandwidth usage and minimizing latency. the edge computing provides only limited computational and storage resources with respect to the MCC. The protocols used for the data transfer can be Ethernet, Bluetooth, Wi-Fi, NFC, ZigBee, etc. It represents a proper way to exchange data between clients and servers on top of HTTP. Abstract: Edge and Fog Computing will be increasingly pervasive in the years to come due to the benefits they bring in many specific use-case scenarios over traditional Cloud Computing. At Source, we have devices, usually sensors, that collects or generates data. These containers include visual analytics applications and network layer to manage the underlying network functionality required for the new service. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. Gather and analyze sensor data on the edge, Building out the edge in the application layer and device layer, Building and deploying a 5G network service for your edge apps, Create predictive maintenance models to detect equipment breakdown risks, next article in this edge computing series, Telecommunications, Media & Entertainment, Benefits and challenges of edge computing, Additional benefits, with additional challenges, Sample implementation of an edge computing architecture, Edge computing architecture and use cases (this article), Increase privacy of sensitive information, Enable operations even when networks are disrupted. Edge computing has the potential to dramatically increase the efficiency of systems built using IoT devices. These are some of the key components that form the edge ecosystem: Cloud This can be a public or private cloud, which can be a repository for the container-based workloads like applications and machine learning models. Relevant information can be sent to the base station that then transmits the data to the relevant endpoint, which might be a content delivery network in the case of a video transmission or automobiles manufacturers data center. MQTT simply consists of three components, subscriber, publisher, and a broker. In 2019, IBM partnered with Telecommunications companies and other technology participants to build a Business Operation System solution. With the advent of 5G, it is possible to rapidly communicate with the edge, and applications that are running at the edge can quickly respond to the ever-growing demand of consumers. Analytic algorithms monitor how well each piece of equipment is running and adjust the operating parameters to improve its efficiency. REST is a cacheable connection protocol that relies on the stateless client-server architecture. These permutations of perspectives drive a paucity of aligned user stories to share with the OpenStack and StarlingX communities. As we discussed earlier, edge computing consists of three main nodes: 1. Third, work will need to be done on how best to break up workloads into sub-components to take advantage of the distributed architecture of edge computing. The decision of a specific edge device or technology might be superseded by the next competing device, making it a challenging environment to operate in. Credit: Al-Mamun & Zhao. an edge-computing architecture simply means the edge of the network. Edge device An edge device is a special-purpose piece of equipment that also has compute capacity that is integrated into that device. A platform approach has emerged to span various developer skill sets. Examples include routers, switches, or any other network components that are required to run the local edge. New: OIF Edge Computing Group defines architectures, open source components, and testing activities for massively distributed systems. The IoT has introduced a virtually infinite number of endpoints to commercial networks. Example applications include complex video analytics and IoT processing. Edge computing evolves and extends cloud computing to transform the underlying architecture and create an environment ripe for application, service and business model innovation. 7. The ‘Edge’ refers to having computing infrastructure closer to the source of data. The adoption of tools should also take into consideration the need to handle application and network workloads in tandem. With edge computing architecture, complex event processing happens in the device or a system close to the device, which eliminates round-trip issues and enables actions to happen quicker. This is a great virtue since a single machine failing on the cloud would mean thousands of IoT devices getting affected. The actual devices running on-premises at the edge such as cameras, sensors, and other physical devices that gather data or interact with edge data. Each of these nodes is an important part of the overall edge computing architecture. A high level comparison of key technical aspects of the MCC and the edge computing is outlined in Table I. Containers cannot be deployed on them for this reason. Edge-based infrastructures (device, edge, and server) sometimes known as ‘fog’ or grid computing, can be set up to dovetail with IoT and most widely distribu… Duplicate components such as Industry Solutions/Apps exist in multiple nodes as certain workloads might be more suited to either the device edge or the local edge and other workloads might be dynamically moved between nodes under certain circumstances, either manually controlled or with automation in place. Edge Computing vs. 5G: Are they the same thing? A B2B customer goes to portal and orders a service around video analytics using drones. The edge architecture is flexible, adding devices from different heterogeneous environments and providing services nearer to the devices. An edge cluster/server is typically used to run enterprise application workloads and shared services. Analytic algorithms also detect and predict when a failure is likely to occur so that maintenance can be scheduled on the equipment between runs. In addition, with multiple device edges, the security is now distributed and more complex to handle. This architecture layer is the source for workloads, which are applications that need to handle the processing that is not possible at the other edge nodes and the management layers. Since reducing latency requires moving the workload closer to the edge and moving it to the edge components will mean less compute resources to run the workload, the overall size of various workloads might limit the potential of edge computing. Funneled through a local gateway device, edge-based architectures allow faster access and take much of the pressure off of networks. As we discussed earlier, edge computing consists of three main nodes: Figure 4 represents an architecture overview of these details with the local edge broken out to represent the workloads. Via the edge center, a mere 13 milliseconds sufficed. Lastly, the local edge can now contact the appropriate authorities instead of transmitting the data to the data center which will be slower and since the network from the fire site to the data center might be down. November 19, 2020 | Edge Computing, From Our Experts, Industry Insights, Internet of Things, Retail | 0 Comments The edge network layer and edge cluster/servers can be separate physical or virtual servers existing in various physical locations or they can be combined in a hyperconverged system. For one example how these types of models can be created, refer to this code pattern, “Create predictive maintenance models to detect equipment breakdown risks.” Some of these models need to run on the edge, and our next set of tutorials will explain how to do this. MQTT is used to make a connection between embedded devices, networks with services as well as middleware. It is designed to enable real-time applications to work efficiently and to provide responses within a specified time. There are challenges, though, including security ones. Availability: Critical systems need to operate irrespective of connectivity. "Edge" is a term with varying definitions depending on the particular problem a deployer is attempting to solve. To perform real-time tasks, an architecture for edge computing nodes is designed . It is common to find edge devices that have ARM or x86 class CPUs with 1 or 2 cores, 128 MB of memory, and perhaps 1 GB of local persistent storage. It’s powered b… To operate smoothly, the factory needs the following to run at the edge: Analytic algorithms that can monitor how well each piece of equipment is running and then adjust the operating parameters to improve efficiency. With the right tools in place to address management of these varied workloads along with their entire application lifecycle, it can be an easier task to introduce new devices or capabilities or replace existing devices as the technologies and standards evolve. Embedding these devices into the city’s infrastructure and assets helps monitor infrastructure performance and provides insightful information about the behavior of these assets. It provides reliable Communication through message delivery guarantee primitives which include at-most-once, at-least-once and exactly-once delivery. We also discussed the three key layers of an edge computing architecture: the device edge, local edge (which includes the application layer and application layer), and cloud edge. Workloads include application and network workloads that are to be deployed to the different edge nodes by using the appropriate orchestration layers. Edge Computing Architecture is a new model for providing storage and substantial computing properties near to the devices. By leveraging open edge computing solutions, it is now possible to create data-driven retail solutions that augment existing assets rather than replace . While a focus of this article has been on application and analytics workloads, it should also be noted that network function is a key set of capabilities that should be incorporated into any edge strategy and thus our edge architecture. It is inserted into a logical end point of a network (Internet or private network), as part of a larger cloud computing architecture. Data security: In edge computing architectures, the analytics data potentially never leaves the physical area where it is gathered and is used within the local edge. It is the distributed framework where data is processed as close to the originating data source possible. AI, Edge Computing Architecture Drive Embedded IoT Development AI support in the cloud and at the edge have furthered embedded IoT development. With 5G, CSPs can also cater to real-time communications for next-generation applications like autonomous vehicles, drones, or remote patient monitoring. When an item of interest is detected, it is sent to the local edge for further processing. Analytic algorithms that can detect and predict when a failure is likely to occur so that maintenance can be scheduled on the equipment between runs. At some point in time, it is determined that a new model needs to be deployed to the edge device as new unexpected features begin to appear in the video so a new model is deployed. L' edge computing (informatique en périphérie  ou informatique en périphérie de réseau ) est une méthode d'optimisation employée dans le cloud computing qui consiste à traiter les données à la périphérie du réseau, près de la source des données. Although edge devices can be more powerful, they are the exception rather than the norm currently. In future articles in this series, we will look at these application and network tools in more details. A common theme across all these industries is the network that will be provided by the CSP. The numbers below refer to the numbers in Figure 6: As we continue to explore edge computing in upcoming articles, we will focus more and more on the details around edge computing, but let’s remember that edge computing plays a key role as part of a strategy and architecture, an important part, but only one part. According to Bittman, edge computing is going to become necessary to support these connected devices—and business needs—in the future. Simple edge devices gather or transmit data, or both. Edge computing is a distributed computing paradigm that brings computation and data storage closer to the location where it is needed, to improve response times and save bandwidth.. This is a guide to Edge Computing Architecture. Often driven by economic considerations, an edge device typically has limited compute resources. Edge comprises of those devices which can perform temporary data processing and temporary storage before sending the actual data to the cloud for further storage and processing. Edge computing is a very widely used term these days in lot of technology blogs, analyst reports, conferences and product announcements. The continual addition of newer and smaller edge devices will require changes to existing applications so that enterprises can fully leverage the capabilities of 5G and edge computing. In addition, the local edge is close to the device edge so latency will be almost zero. Data generated by these devices is different depending upon the source. It is used in mobile-based social network applications and it makes complexity less by using HTTP methods(get, post, put, and delete). Representative activities include: 8 Edge Computing Reference Architecture 2.0 An edge gateway acts as a node between edge devices and a core network. For example, if the application is moved from one data center with always available support to 100’s of locations at the local edge that are not readily accessible or not in a location with that kind of local technical support, how one manages the lifecycle and support of the application must change. As emerging technologies, 5G and edge computing bring many benefits to many industries, but they also bring some challenges along with them. It just acts as an interface to connect the edge architecture with either fog domain or cloud environment. For reference, let’s discuss some potential industry use cases for consideration, both examples and real solutions. With a basic understanding of edge computing, let’s take a brief moment to discuss 5G and its impact on edge computing before we discuss the benefits and challenges around edge computing. The edge computing architecture identifies the key layers of the edge: the device edge (which includes edge devices), the local edge (which includes the application and network layer), and the cloud edge. Cars with autonomous driving capabilities need the brakes applied immediately or they run the risk of crashing. First, size does matter. Each of these nodes is an important part of the overall edge co… The data sources in an edge computing environment can be applications capturing data, sensors, appliances, or any data capturing device. Edge computing and IoT will evolve in tandem. In addition, the network can become heavily loaded in such instances. Edge Computing Applications Service Applications Service The manufacturer might also have relationship with the CSP in which case the compute node might be at the base station owned by the CSP. Cloud, or the nexus of your environment, where everything comes together that needs to come together Figure 4 represents an architecture overview of these details with the local edge broken out to represent the workloads. Interesting work can be performed on edge devices, such as an assembly machine on a factory floor, an ATM, an intelligent camera, or an automobile. Device edge, where the edge devices sit 2. Architecture of Edge Computing. The benefits of edge computing technology include these core benefits: Performance: Near instant compute and analytics at the edge lowers latency, and therefore greatly increasing performance. A lot of announcements try to position their existing products for edge deployments and few try to innovate for purpose built edge architectures. Failure of one device on edge will not affect other network devices. IBM works with many telecommunications companies to help explore these new technologies so that they can better understand how the technologies are relevant to current and future business challenges. An edge cluster/server is typically constructed with an industrial PC or racked computer form factor. Decreased Data Exposure Predicting failure can be complex and requires the customized models for each use case. Advancement of many technologies like IoT, edge computing, and mobile connectivity has helped smart city solutions to gain popularity and acceptance among a city’s citizens and governance alike. The key to a modern edge network architecture is a cloud-based platform that allows network operations and security to be managed centrally but distributed to wherever enterprises need to extend traffic too. Edge time works on real-time data generated by sensors and real-time applications. Using video to identify key events is rapidly spreading across all domains and industries. Photo: Stephen Gossett Photo: Stephen Gossett What Is Edge Computing? MQTT is built on top of the TCP protocol and is suitable for devices with low resource availability, unreliable or low bandwidth links. The appropriate containers are deployed to the different edge nodes. Communications service providers (CSPs) can use edge computing and 5G to be able to route user traffic to the lowest latency edge nodes in a much more secure and efficient manner. The footage of interest can then be transmitted to a local edge for further analysis and respond appropriated to footage of interest including raising alerts. This infrastructure requires effective use of resources that may not be continuously connected to a network such as laptops, smartphones, tablets, and sensors. The infrastructure consists of four layers of storage and compute along with communication infrastructure to move data between layers. A Vapor IO edge data center in Chicago. Many other cases exist that require evaluation as part of the application development roadmap and future state architecture. Edge node An edge node is a generic way of referring to any edge device, edge server, or edge gateway on which edge computing can be performed. The advent of 5G has made edge computing even more compelling, enabling significantly improved network capacity, lower latency, higher speeds, and increased efficiency. Operating at peak efficiency and with no unplanned outages is the difference between having profit and not having profit. Compared to head-spinning emergent technologies like quantum computing, the concept of edge computing is pretty simple to grasp despite its technological complexity. © 2020 - EDUCBA. Local edge, which includes both the infrastructure to support the application and also the network workloads 3. In any complex environment, there are many challenges that occur and many ways to address them. The various edge devices capture data and communicate via IoT protocols, sending data to the edge gateways. In the advent of 5G and edge computing, developers will need to continue to focus on making native cloud applications even more efficient. Hence, the network load is reduced as the transmission only happens when the human is recognized.