Three years later he got married to his first wife Vivian Burey in … Black students in Maryland wanting to study law had to attend segregated establishments, Morgan College, the Princess Anne Academy, or out-of-state black institutions. [5][6] Suyat met Thurgood Marshall, then married him in 1955 after Marshall's previous wife, Vivian Burey, died of lung cancer. Thurgood Marshall (July 2, 1908 – January 24, 1993) was an American jurist and the first African American to serve on the Supreme Court of the United States.Thurgood Marshall, earlier named Thoroughgood Marshall (which he changed in the 2nd grade), was born in Baltimore, Maryland.Marshall served on the Court from 1967 to 1991. His mother was … That same year, he founded and became the executive director of the NAACP Legal Defense and Educational Fund. He had two sons by his second wife Thurgood Marshall. Marshall said that although his father never told him to become a lawyer, he "turned me into one. As an attorney, he successfully argued before the Supreme Court the case of Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka (1954). 20. Thurgood Marshall gets a last minute check from his wife, Cecilia Suyat, before his swearing in at the Supreme Court in 1967. [3][4][35], Marshall died of heart failure at the National Naval Medical Center in Bethesda, Maryland, on January 24, 1993, at the age of 84. Jr and John W. Marshall. Retired Supreme Court Justice Thurgood Marshall, ... becoming the second black judge to sit on the 2nd Circuit. In 1956, for example, he privately praised Hoover's campaign to discredit T. R. M. Howard, a maverick civil rights leader from Mississippi. [1] Her parents emigrated from the Philippines in 1910. They went on to have two children together. In the movie, Thurgood Marshall and his wife, Vivian "Buster" Burey Marshall, struggle to have a baby. Marshall retired from the Supreme Court in 1991 due to declining health. Thurgood Marshall is an incredible figure in American history! Roy Wilkins, who was secretary of the NAACP, presided over the service at St. Philip’s Episcopal Church in … I plan to celebrate the bicentennial of the Constitution as a living document, including the Bill of Rights and other amendments protecting individual freedoms and human rights.[31]. In fact, at the New York City premiere of the movie, I had the honor of sitting next to Thurgood Marshall’s second wife, to whom he was married when he died. magna cum laude. Buster died of cancer in February 1955, only a few months after Thurgood's landmark Supreme Court victory in Brown v. Board of Education. [19] According to historians David T. Beito and Linda Royster Beito, "Marshall's disdain for Howard was almost visceral. He had two sons by his second wife Thurgood Marshall. Thurgood Marshall was born on July 2, 1908, in Baltimore, Maryland. [17] As the head of the Legal Defense Fund, he argued many other civil rights cases before the Supreme Court, most of them successfully, including Smith v. Allwright, 321 U.S. 649 (1944); Shelley v. Kraemer, 334 U.S. 1 (1948); Sweatt v. Painter, 339 U.S. 629 (1950); and McLaurin v. Oklahoma State Regents, 339 U.S. 637 (1950). [29] Marshall stated: ... the government they devised was defective from the start, requiring several amendments, a civil war and major social transformation to attain the system of constitutional government, and its respect for the individual freedoms and human rights, we hold as fundamental today. After reading "Thurgood Marshall: American Revolutionary," it is hard not to think that Thurgood Marshall was the most important civil rights leader of the twentieth century. Thurgood Marshall, lawyer and civil rights activist who was the first African American member of the U.S. Supreme Court, serving as an associate justice from 1967 to 1991. Enjoy the best Thurgood Marshall Quotes at BrainyQuote. [11], She attended the opening of a new school building for Thurgood Marshall Academy for Learning and Social Change in New York City's Harlem neighborhood in 2004. He did it by teaching me to argue, by challenging my logic on every point, by making me prove every statement I made. Prior to his judicial service, he successfully argued several cases before the Supreme Court, including Brown v. Marshall (2017) cast and crew credits, including actors, actresses, directors, writers and more. [citation needed], Marshall left all his personal papers and notes to the Library of Congress. In Personnel Administrator MA v. Feeney, Marshall wrote a dissent saying that a law that gave hiring preference to veterans over non-veterans was unconstitutional because of its inequitable impact on women. In the movie, Thurgood Marshall and his wife, Vivian "Buster" Burey Marshall, struggle to have a baby. Suyat met Thurgood Marshall, then married him in 1955 after Marshall's previous wife, Vivian Burey, died of lung cancer. Thurgood Marshall was an American lawyer who was appointed as an associate justice of the Supreme Court in 1967. Marshall's Wives: Thurgood Marshall was married twice in his life. In 1961, President John F. Kennedy appointed Marshall to the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit. At the age of 32, Marshall won U.S. Supreme Court case Chambers v. Florida, 309 U.S. 227 (1940). He died at the age of 84.Thurgood Marshall is buried at Arlington National Cemetery. [48] Later it opened Broadway at the Booth Theatre on April 30, 2008, starring Laurence Fishburne. [34] Bush nominated Clarence Thomas to replace Marshall. The Marshall family and several incumbent justices disputed this claim. Thereafter, Brennan or Marshall dissented from every denial of certiorari in a capital case and from every decision upholding a sentence of death. His son is Thurgood Marshall Jr..Justice Marshall died on January 24, 1993. [citation needed] But according to his application to Lincoln University,[9] Marshall said his goal was to become a lawyer. Thurgood Marshall replaced Tom C. Clark on the Supreme Court… Thurgood Marshall was married to the former Vivian Burey (from 1929 until her death in 1955) and then to Cecilia Suyat (from 1955 until his death). He was descended from enslaved peoples on both sides of his family. In his retirement press conference on June 28, 1991, he expressed his view that race should not be a factor in choosing his successor, and he denied circulating claims that he was retiring because of frustration or anger over the conservative direction in which the Court was heading. It is commonly reported[who?] Burey died in 1995 and thurgood then married his second wife Cassy cecilia suyat by Thurgood Marshall actually … [8][9][10] She gave an oral history interview for the Library of Congress conducted by Emilye Crosby in Washington, D.C. on June 30, 2013. Thurgood Marshall was the grandson of a slave. On Jan. 24, 1993, Thurgood Marshall died of heart failure at 84. He was also Solicitor General of the United States. Marshall was born on August 12, 1956, in New York City. Tags: politics, Government, Hillary Clinton, Joe Biden, Thurgood Marshall, Beau Biden, Kamala Harris, Donald Trump, Sonia Sotomayor Sign up for our Newsletters Ad Enjoy the best Thurgood Marshall Quotes at BrainyQuote. Thurgood Marshall. '"[18], President John F. Kennedy appointed Marshall to the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit in 1961 to a new seat created on May 19, 1961, by 75 Stat. [21] As Solicitor General, he won 14 out of the 19 cases that he argued for the government and called it "the best job I've ever had."[22][23]. Marshall was the Court’s first African-American justice. In 1993, The Legislative Assembly of Puerto Rico instituted[56] the annual Thurgood Marshall Award, given to the top student in civil rights at each of Puerto Rico's four law schools. Thurgood Marshall got married two times. Marshall retired during the administration of President George H. W. Bush, and was succeeded by Clarence Thomas. Image of Thurgood Marshall, Hyman Rickover and Newton Minow at convocation "Prospects for Democracy" at Beverly Hilton, California, 1963. Supreme Court of the United States Reference a wealth of materials about the 6132019 THURGOOD MARSHALL by Courier Newsroom Week of June 12-18 June 12 1840The worlds … Share with your friends. Thurgood Marshall replaced Tom C. Clark on the Supreme Court… Thurgood Marshall was married to the former Vivian Burey (from 1929 until her death in 1955) and then to Cecilia Suyat (from 1955 until his death). "Thurgood Marshall's interracial love: 'I don't care what people think. In Thurgood Marshall: American Revolutionary, Juan Williams, a well-known political analysis on Fox News Channel, tells us the story of the influential American lawyer Thurgood Marshall. Shortly thereafter, Marshall married Cecilia … Select from premium Thurgood Marshall Wife of the highest quality. Prior to his judicial service, he successfully argued several cases before the Supreme Court, including Brown v. Thurgood Marshall: American Revolutionary 1494 Words | 6 Pages. [2][3], Suyat moved to New York City to live with her maternal uncle and aunt, on the advice of her father,[1][4] before starting work for the NAACP in Washington D.C.[2][3][5] In her first assignment, she picketed the movie The Birth of a Nation at a local theater, which soon stopped playing the movie. During the 1950s, Thurgood Marshall developed a friendly relationship with J. Edgar Hoover, the director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation. Thurgood Marshall. Marshall attended Howard University School of Law, where he worked harder than he had at Lincoln. Marshall was the Court's first African-American justice. Learn about Thurgood Marshall in this biography video for kids! [40], Numerous memorials have been dedicated to Marshall. [2][5], Suyat and Marshall are the parents of John W. Marshall, a former Virginia Secretary of Public Safety and former U.S. Select from premium Thurgood Marshall Wife of the highest quality. Thurgood marshall wife buster Where did Thurgood Marshall meet his wife buster - Answer . He was born the second son of Norma and Williams Marshall. Birthplace: Baltimore, MD Location of death: Bethesda, MD Cause of death: Heart Failure Remains: B. [6][7], Marshall first learned how to debate from his father, who took Marshall and his brother to watch court cases; they would later debate what they had seen. Marshall was the Court’s first African-American justice. Well, Marshall's second wife was Filipino. In … Their names are Thurgood Marshall Jr. and John W. Marshall. In December 1955, Marshall married Cecilia ''Cissy'' Suyat, a secretary at the NAACP. Share with your friends. He isn't as well known as the more famous and romantic personalities of Martin Luther King Jr and Malcolm X, but he did more to change the average life of black Americans than either of the other two. In that position, he argued several cases before the Supreme Court, including Smith v. Allwright, Shelley v. Kraemer, and Brown v. Board of Education, the latter of which held that racial segregation in public education is a violation of the Equal Protection Clause. He was married twice throughout his life to Vivian "Buster" Burey and Cecilia Suyat . Among his classmates were poet Langston Hughes and musician Cab Calloway. First black US Supreme Court justice. ... Marshall called his wife, Cecilia, from the White House. [46], Marshall Middle School, in Olympia, Washington, is also named after Marshall, as is Thurgood Marshall Academy in Washington, D.C.[citation needed], Marshall is portrayed by Sidney Poitier in the 1991 two-part television miniseries, Separate but Equal, depicting the landmark Supreme Court desegregation case Brown v. Board of Education, based on the phrase separate but equal. As the newly appointed Justice Marshall began his life at the Supreme Court in 1967, he got a pleasant reception from his allwhite colleagues, and he is very fond of them. His second wife was Cecilia Suyat.She died in 1993 and had two sons in his second marriage. Thurgood Marshall, lawyer and civil rights activist who was the first African American member of the U.S. Supreme Court, serving as an associate justice from 1967 to 1991. [5] Roy Wilkins, who was secretary of the NAACP, presided over the service at St. Philip’s Episcopal Church in Harlem, New York. [14], After graduating from law school, Marshall started a private law practice in Baltimore. Suyat remained married to Marshall until his death in 1993. He had two sons by his second wife Thurgood Marshall As an attorney, he successfully argued before the Supreme Court the case of Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka (1954). Cecilia "Cissy" Suyat was born in Pu'unene, Maui, in Hawaii on July 20, 1928. Thurgood Marshall first wife name was Buster Burey. With his second wife he had two children: Thurgood Marshall, Jr. (b. Together they had two sons, Thurgood Marshall, Jr and John W. Marshall. He graduated a year early in 1925 with a B-grade average, and was in the top three of his class. Marshall is wearing the robe he used when he was judge in New york City's Second District Court of Appeals. Thurgood Marshall Birthday, Real Name, Age, Weight, Height, Family, Death Cause, Contact Details, Wife, Children, Bio & More. His first wife was Vivian "Buster" Burey, who died in 1955. Their names are Thurgood Marshall Jr. and John W. Marshall. Prior to his judicial service, he successfully argued several cases before the Supreme Court, including … [10] Hughes later described Marshall as "rough and ready, loud and wrong". Thurgood Marshall Essay 3481 Words | 14 Pages. Additionally, how did Thurgood Marshall impact the civil rights movement? For people and institutions etc. Thurgood Marshall (July 2, 1908 – January 24, 1993) was an American lawyer who served as Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States from October 1967 until October 1991. Find the perfect Thurgood Marshall Wife stock photos and editorial news pictures from Getty Images. Prior to his judicial service, he successfully argued several cases before the Supreme Court, including … Quotations by Thurgood Marshall, American Judge, Born July 2, 1908. Birthplace: Baltimore, MD Location of death: Bethesda, MD Cause of death: Heart Failure Remains: B. Thurgood Marshall: His Speeches, Writings, Arguments, Opinions and Reminiscences. And Strom Thurmond asked him, he brought that case into the hearing room as if he was going to embarrass Thurgood Marshall. Thurgood Marshall was born on July 2, 1908 Baltimore, Maryland. Thurgood Marshall (July 2, 1908 – January 24, 1993) was an American lawyer and civil rights activist who served as Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States from October 1967 until October 1991. In 1987, Marshall gave a controversial speech on the occasion of the bicentennial celebrations of the Constitution of the United States. He died at the age 84 on January 24, 1993. [2] His father, William Canfield Marshall, worked as a railroad porter, and his mother, Norma Arica Williams, worked as a teacher. That year, he was initiated as a member of Alpha Phi Alpha, the first fraternity founded by and for blacks. Thurgood Marshall was the grandson of a slave. His father, William Marshall, instilled in him from youth an appreciation for the United States Constitution and the rule of law. Early life. Using the strategy developed by Nathan Margold, Marshall argued that Maryland's segregation policy violated the "separate but equal" doctrine of Plessy v. Ferguson because the state did not provide a comparable educational opportunity at a state-run black institution. In total, Marshall won 29 out of the 32 cases he argued before the Supreme Court. [51][52] A painting of Marshall by Chaz Guest has hung at the White House. [36] He was survived by his second wife and their two sons. Thurgood Marshall is best remembered for his jurisprudence in the arena of civil rights and criminal proceedings. Marshals Service Director, and Thurgood Marshall Jr. Juan Williams reported Suyat worked extensively in Marshall's later years to keep his explosions of "frustration with the conservative court and what remained of the Civil Rights Movement" out of the public, afraid they would embarrass him. In Cottage Savings Association v. Commissioner of Internal Revenue, he weighed in on the income tax consequences of the savings and loan crisis, permitting a savings and loan association to deduct a loss from an exchange of mortgage participation interests. His second wife and their two sons survived him. [13], In September 1929, Marshall married Vivien Buster Burey and began to take his studies seriously, graduating cum laude with a Bachelor of Arts degree in American literature and philosophy in 1930. Marshall is wearing the robe he used when he was judge in New york City's Second … Marshall's parents instilled in him an appreciation for the United States Constitution and the rule of law. Thurgood Marshall During the 20th century I have read many books, newspaper articles and seen news broadcasts on two of the most famous Afro American Pioneers: Martin Luther King and Thurgood Marshall. He was married twice in his lifetime first to Vivien "Buster" Burey till her death in 1955 then to Cecilia Suyat till his death. [53] Marshall is portrayed by Chadwick Boseman in the 2017 film Marshall, which revolves around the 1941 case of the State of Connecticut v. Joseph Spell. They were married until he died in 1993, having two sons together: Thurgood Marshall Jr., a former top aide to President Bill Clinton; and John W. Marshall, a former United States Marshals Service Director and Virginia Secretary of Public Safety.[55]. Ontdek de perfecte stockfoto's over Thurgood Marshall Wife en redactionele nieuwsbeelden van Getty Images Kies uit premium Thurgood Marshall Wife van de hoogste kwaliteit. ISBN 978-1-55652-386-1. AKA Thoroughgood Marshall. Quotations by Thurgood Marshall, American Judge, Born July 2, 1908. [3][4], Marshall was born in Baltimore, Maryland, on July 2, 1908. In his lifetime he was a civil Right Activist, Lawyer, Circuit Court Judge & Solicitor General, and a Supreme Justice. His father was a porter or waiter for a railroad company and his mother was an elementary school teacher. During a national speaking tour, Howard criticized the FBI's failure to seriously investigate cases such as the 1955 killers of George W. Lee and Emmett Till. [30][31], Some may more quietly commemorate the suffering, struggle, and sacrifice that has triumphed over much of what was wrong with the original document, and observe the anniversary with hopes not realized and promises not fulfilled. Circuit Court of Appeals; Judge Ralph Winter of the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit; Supreme Court Justice Elena Kagan; as well as notable law professors Susan Low Bloch, Elizabeth Garrett (former President of Cornell University), Paul Gewirtz, Dan Kahan, Randall L. Kennedy, Eben Moglen, Rick Pildes, Louis Michael Seidman,[32] Cass Sunstein, and Mark Tushnet (editor of Thurgood Marshall: His Speeches, Writings, Arguments, Opinions and Reminiscences); and law school deans Paul Mahoney of University of Virginia School of Law, Martha Minow of Harvard Law School, and Richard Revesz of New York University School of Law. Current, the head of the NAACP, from 1948-55. He began his 25-year affiliation with the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) in 1934 by representing the organization in the law school discrimination suit Murray v. Pearson. [27][28], Marshall served on the Court for the next 24 years, compiling a liberal record that included strong support for Constitutional protection of individual rights, especially the rights of criminal suspects. First black US Supreme Court justice. Find the perfect Thurgood Marshall Wife stock photos and editorial news pictures from Getty Images. Thurgood Marshall. Marshall was the first African American justice in the Supreme Court's 178-year history. He attended Lincoln University, a historically black university in Pennsylvania. "[50] On February 16, 2011, a screening of the film was hosted by the White House as part of its celebrations of Black History Month. [2][5] His original name was Thoroughgood, but he shortened it to Thurgood. His first wife died in February 1955. Thurgood Marshall attended Frederick Douglass High School in Baltimore, Maryland and was in the class with the brightest students. His first wife was Vivian Burey Marshall, a fellow civil rights activist. Suyat married Marshall on Dec. 17, 1955. [42], In 1980, the University of Maryland School of Law opened a new library, which it named the Thurgood Marshall Law Library. Thurgood Marshall was a truly great man and idol for us all, I did not realize this when I got started but he is a great role model for not only myself but for everyone interested in law. Continue Reading. During his time as the Justice of the Supreme Court, he accumulated a liberal record that involved strong backing for Constitutional protection of individual rights, especially the … 1956) and John W. Marshall (b. His views on discrimination were strongly influenced by the dean, Charles Hamilton Houston. He fell in love and remarried. Thurgood was born in Baltimore,Maryland on July 2,1908 and died on January 24,1993. 1956) and John W. Marshall (b. Davis v. County School Board of Prince Edward County, John F. Kennedy's speech to the nation on Civil Rights, Chicago Freedom Movement/Chicago open housing movement, Green v. County School Board of New Kent County, Alabama Christian Movement for Human Rights, Council for United Civil Rights Leadership, Leadership Conference on Civil and Human Rights, Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC), Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC), Heart of Atlanta Motel, Inc. v. 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Johnson, Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages, Short description is different from Wikidata, All Wikipedia articles written in American English, All articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from January 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2008, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2020, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with PLWABN identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 19 February 2021, at 01:23. In 1929 He married Vivian Burey. He is the son of Justice Thurgood Marshall, the first African American to serve on the U.S. Supreme Court and Cecilia Suyat, a Filipino American who was Marshall's second wife after his first wife died of lung cancer. Thurgood Marshall is best remembered for his jurisprudence in the arena of civil rights and criminal proceedings. Thurgood Marshall (July 2, 1908–January 24, 1993), whose great-grandparents were enslaved, was the first Black justice appointed to the United States Supreme Court, where he … In TSC Industries, Inc. v. Northway, Inc., he articulated a formulation for the standard of materiality in United States securities law that is still applied and used today. named after Thurgood Marshall, see, Video commemorating Thurgood Marshall's life with the screening of, Chief Counsel for the NAACP Legal Defense and Educational Fund. He didn't have any children from his first marriage but had two during his second marriage. Thurgood Marshall 's second wife's name was Cecilia Suyat.. 1 2 3. [citation needed], The major airport serving Baltimore and the Maryland suburbs of Washington, D.C., was renamed the Baltimore-Washington International Thurgood Marshall Airport on October 1, 2005. Thurgood Marshall attended Frederick Douglass High School and graduated with an above average in 1926. During his time as the Justice of the Supreme Court, he accumulated a liberal record that involved strong backing for Constitutional protection of individual rights, especially the rights of criminal suspects. https://www.notablebiographies.com/Lo-Ma/Marshall-Thurgood.html That December, Thurgood Marshall married his second wife, Cecilia Suyat, a secretary for the NAACP. Thurgood Marshall (July 2, 1908 – January 24, 1993) was an American lawyer and civil rights activist who served as Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States from October 1967 until October 1991. Cecilia “Cissy” Marshall, the widow of Thurgood Marshall, shares what it was like for him to travel to the South to work on legal cases to end segregation. [43], In 2000, the historic Twelfth Street YMCA Building located in the Shaw neighborhood of Washington, D.C., was renamed the Thurgood Marshall Center. They went on to have two sons, Thurgood Jr. and John. Thurgood Marshall was a truly great man and idol for us all, I did not realize this when I got started but he is a great role model for not only myself but for everyone interested in law. Continue Reading. He married Vivian "Buster" Burey in 1929. Marshall once bluntly described his legal philosophy as this: "You do what you think is right and let the law catch up",[26] a statement which his conservative detractors argued was a sign of his embracement of judicial activism. [24][25] He was the 96th person to hold the position, and the first African American. His most frequent ally on the Court (the pair rarely voted at odds) was Justice William Brennan, who consistently joined him in supporting abortion rights and opposing the death penalty. He graduated a year early in 1925 with a B-grade average, and placed in the top third of the class. He was married twice throughout his life to Vivian "Buster" Burey and Cecilia Suyat . He first wife, African American, had died. [citation needed], The 2009 General Convention of the Episcopal Church added Marshall to the church's liturgical calendar of "Holy Women, Holy Men: Celebrating the Saints", designating May 17 as his feast day. [7], Suyat has spent her life preserving history and has continued to fight for civil rights after her husband's death. His most historic case as a lawyer was Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, 347 U.S. 483 (1954), the case in which the Supreme Court ruled that "separate but equal" public education, as established by Plessy v. Ferguson, was not applicable to public education because it could never be truly equal. Thurgood Marshall is a late Supreme Court of the United States Justice. Retired Supreme Court Justice Thurgood Marshall, ... becoming the second black judge to sit on the 2nd Circuit. After he lay in repose in the Great Hall of the United States Supreme Court Building, he was buried in Arlington National Cemetery. [33] He was reportedly unhappy that it would fall to Republican President George H. W. Bush to name his replacement. [12] In his second year, Marshall participated in a sit-in protest against segregation at a local movie theater. Marshall's Wives: Thurgood Marshall was married twice in his life. "[8], Marshall attended Frederick Douglass High School in Baltimore and was placed in the class with the best students. Initially he did not take his studies seriously, and was suspended twice for hazing and pranks against fellow students. Suyat married Marshall on Dec. 17, 1955. He was 47, and his new wife was 19 years his junior. Among his many law clerks were attorneys who went on to become judges themselves, such as Judge Douglas Ginsburg of the D.C. She is of Filipino descent. They were married until 1955. They married on … Thurgood Marshall was instrumental in ending legal segregation and was an Associate Justice of the United States Supreme Court, serving from October 1967 until October 1991. Nov 9, 2018 - Explore Dan Bennett's board "THURGOOD MARSHALL" on Pinterest. On June 13, 1967, President Johnson nominated Marshall to the Supreme Court following the retirement of Justice Tom C. Clark, saying that this was "the right thing to do, the right time to do it, the right man and the right place." She played a role in the historic Brown v. Board of Education case. Marshall was the first African American justice in the Supreme Court's 178-year history. Thurgood Marshall também é conhecido por ter atuado para garantir a independência do … Thurgood Marshall was born on July 2nd in Baltimore, Maryland in 1908. Suyat took night classes at Columbia University to become a court stenographer and eventually became the private secretary of Dr. Gloster B. The family also debated current events after dinner. The Librarian of Congress, James H. Billington, opened Marshall's papers for immediate use by scholars, journalists, and the public, insisting that this was Marshall's intent. Thurgood Marshall is an incredible figure in American history! Thurgood Marshall (July 2, 1908 – January 24, 1993) was an American lawyer who served as Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States from October 1967 until October 1991. Baltimore, Maryland on July 2nd in Baltimore, Maryland on July 2, 1908 Suyat in December of year. Is among his best friends Thoroughgood, but in second grade he shortened it to Thurgood were involved. 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