Nouns and predicates For example instead of saying my teacher speaks 3 languages, you can use the pronoun he, and say he speaks 3 languages. Therefore, in this article, I discuss the theory of Conceptual Blending (Dirven & Verspoor 2004; Fauconnier & Turner 2002) integrating it with isiZulu terminology. The paper argues that although compounding of possessive pronouns with their co-referent nouns is not a peculiar feature of isiZulu and isiNdebele, it is restricted to certain formatives. Iziphawulo. Southern Sotho. In isiZulu the forms are very predictable, with suffixes of the form aCa generally changing to eCe (aCa + ile ⇒; aiCe ⇒; eCe). In order to help those who are willing to learn Nguni language, lessons have been prepared; and the following lessons are specifically based on Zulu language. IsiZulu. As a rule, the tonal structure of the class prefix has a /HH sequence of tones. That way it will be easy for you to see the words when they are separate and when they are in a sentence. ... Students: All the underlined sounds signify a subject concord which is derived from the noun in the sentence. Also included is a list of vocabulary about jobs and finally some common phrases. 1st person 2nd person 3rd person Class abantu according action adjectival adverbs agreement applied becomes cattle causative chief Class clicks commencing compound concord conjunctive consonant construction contains Continuous contracted copulatives definite demonstrative derived diminutive employed ending English Examples express father formation full form future horse ideophones … IsiZulu: Umama upheke uphuthu izolo ntambama. Either a word that can be used to refer to a person, animal, place, thing, phenomenon, substance, quality or idea, or a word that modifies or describes a previous word or its referent; a substantive or adjective, sometimes also including other parts of speech such as numeral or pronoun. which is applicable to isiZulu, as included in Table 1. A proper noun is a noun that refers to a specific person, place, or thing (Lady Gaga, Monongahela River, and iPad). Structure Zulu Grammar. Zulu / ˈ z uː l uː /, or isiZulu, is a Southern Bantu language of the Nguni branch spoken in Southern Africa.It is the language of the Zulu people, with about 12 million native speakers, who primarily inhabit the province of KwaZulu-Natal of South Africa.Zulu is the most widely spoken home language in South Africa (24% of the population), and it is understood by over 50% of its population. The isiZulu noun class pre xes, based on Mein-ho (1948), are mostly coupled in terms of singular/plural, and the classes are listed in Table 1. Sotho group. Impersonal nouns : Nouns that denote non- humans ( inanimate ) Eg : amanzi , uthando , izondo , utshawala. categories with the meaning of an adjective which may be used to modify a noun are identified. The verbalization of basic constructs requires merging a pre- x with a noun and distinguishing an ‘and’ between a list and linking clauses. There are classes for human beings, animals, plants, objects of various shapes, etc. There is no gender distinction. This 11th lesson teaches an important part of speech aspect in Zulu which is the noun. • noun class system: the most distinctive morphological feature of Zulu, as of all Bantu languages, is the grouping of nouns in different classes, marked by a prefix. In isiZulu, blending plays a major role in building terminology, particularly noun concepts. Ronga. This second article in the series helps you understand the process. The Nguni language structure is based on a system of noun classes and a system of concords. Gentner reported the late appearance of verbs, which are more complex in structure than the underlying semantic structure of nouns. Not all noun classes can be easily defined. Cole, Desmond Thorne (1959) : The grammatical structure of Zulu - Notes and news Cope, Anthony T. (1956) : An investigation into the tonal system of Zulu, with special reference to nouns Cope, Anthony T. (1957) : The grammatical structure of Zulu Nouns. In my discussion, I highlight aspects of It is one of the Nguni languages, related to Xhosa, SiSwati and Ndebele. SiSwati. Besides the classification of nouns and pronouns (usobizo), isiZulu also looks into tenses, adjectives, adverbs and other linguistic aspects. ‘the tall man’), possessives (e.g. Amabizomuntu . It is seen that the adjectival stems in isiZulu are very few. All members of a given class share the same prefix. 1. The Course Structure The structure of isiZulu course was arranged into thematic units (for example, umndeni (family), ikhaya (home), isikole (school) iNyuvesi (the university), and so on), which followed a similar format. There are some exceptions, e,g, a noun such as amanzi ‘water’ structurally appears in a plural class with the prefix ama- (noun class 6), but it is uncountable and does not have a singular form. According to the nominal classification system, nouns are categorized by prefixal morphemes. Pre xes express number and indicate the class to which a par-ticular noun belongs. I will try to give examples using both vocabulary and grammar. They have a disyllabic class prefix and a monosyllabic or polysyllabic stem. The themes provided a framework in which various interactions could be identified. Syllabus coverage becomes impossible if learners have no background in the language. It would be ideal for a learner who chooses the subject to have a good primary school foundation. In general, a pronoun can be used instead of a noun. ‘the book of the student’) and relative verbs (e.g. (1) The concord system in the African languages is largely based on the nouns found in the languages. Our present study seeks to look at one component of the lexicon: the comprehension and production of the nouns and predicate categories of words in isiZulu. Formally the suffixes have a -VC- structure, as opposed to the regular CV syllable structure. We rather try to apply the principle ‘learn a little, use it a lot’. Morphology plays a pivotal role in our understanding of the nature of language. In Southern Ndebele, as in most other Nguni languages such as isiZulu and isiXhosa, all noun class prefixes comprise two formatives. Venda group. 17 noun classes with embedded semantics and the agglutinative nature of isiZulu. The class prefix has a VCV combination of phones, whereas the stem mainly has a CV combination. The need of the adjective is therefore also supplied by other categories such as the nominal relative, the copUlative with na, the copulative with NP, the stative verb and the descriptive possessive. The basic structure of a noun is: Preprefix+ true prefix + root (stem + suffix) It refers to the mental system involved in word formation or the branch of linguistics that deals with words, their internal structure, and how they are formed. The noun comprises of two formatives, the pre x and the stem; its structure is depicted in Fig. The rich agglutinating morphological structure which characterizes isiZulu and other Bantu languages is based on two principles, namely the nominal classification system, and the concordial agreement system. Classification. IsiNdebele. IsiZulu language is noun-cluster or class specific, yet English is not. Each class has a different set of prefixes for marking … Therefore, although structures such as the formation of adjectives (e.g. are prefixed. Setswana. The prefixed morphemes differ from suffixed extensions in both form and function. The paper argues that although compounding of possessive pronouns with their co-referent nouns is not a peculiar feature of isiZulu and isiNdebele, it is restricted to certain formatives. ... contrast, the structure of the noun class prefix is the same as that of the noun class prefixes in the other Tekela languages such as siSwati. Sesotho sa Lebowa. O’Grady ( 1987 ) pointed out that nouns are used as ‘arguments’ or ‘primaries’ that refer to entities or a class of entities, whereas verbs and adjectives are often used as predicates or ‘secondaries’ (Caselli et al ., 1995 , p. 162). Zulu nouns belong to 15 different classes, roughly based on semantic features. THE STRUCTURE OF THE PRIMARY NOUN Zulu primary nouns are made up of a regular morphological and tonal structure. are suffixed and to which morphemes that encode negation (NEG), subject marker (SM) and object marker (OM) that cross-reference noun phrases (NPs), tense/aspect, modality, etc. Amabizonto. New Zulu data challenge the idea of reified domains like the D(erivational)-Stem and Macrostem as relevant constituents for reduplication (Downing 1997, Hyman, Inkelas, and Sibanda 2009). In linguistics, a noun class is a particular category of nouns.A noun may belong to a given class because of the characteristic features of its referent, such as gender, animacy, shape, but such designations are often clearly conventional.Some authors use the term "grammatical gender" as a synonym of "noun class", but others consider these different concepts. basic morphosyntactic structures of their languages such as relative clauses, the passive construction and other complex forms (Bates & Goodman, 1997; Demuth, 2003). There are features that allow for morphological and phonological changes, while others do not. The isiZulu verbal morphology typically comprise of a verb root (VR) to which extensions such as the causative, applicative, reciprocal, passive etc. Some classes are semantic and others are based on grammatical categories but almost all of them include many miscellaneous items. morphological structure. Tswa. Tsonga group. The language isiZulu is widely spoken in all over South Africa. IsiXhosa. Tonga. Since this is an introductory course to isiZulu, we do not attempt to teach you all the grammatical structures. Conversion is the process in which a word of one grammatical form converts into a word of another grammatical form without any changes to pronunciation or spelling. noun translation in English-Zulu dictionary. Google the noun has created a new word, google the verb. Loan words classification in isiZulu: The need for a sociolinguistics approach Morphological and Phonological Structure in Zulu Reduplication Abstract This dissertation provides an account of Zulu reduplication within the derivational framework of Distributed Morphology (DM). Personal nouns : Nouns that denote human beings Eg : ubaba , intombazane , umfana. 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