Olefin is a synthetic (man made) fabric that is derived from ethylene and propylene. Olefin's advantages are its strength, colourfastness and comfort, its resistance to staining, mildew, abrasion, and sunlight, and its good bulk and cover. Olefin is another name for polypropylene fiber. DuPont introduced its Dacron brand of polyester in 1951, but the material itself was patented earlier in 1941.It’s made by reacting dicarboxylic acid with a dihydric alcohol. ▣ It is available in a wide v… [2], Olefin fibers can be multi- or monofilament and staple, tow, or film yarns. Olefin Characteristics 1. This base material can be used to make many things, from soda bottles to boats, as well as clothing fibres. One of the most important properties of olefin is its strength. Additives, polymer variations and different process conditions can create a range of characteristics. ▣ It offers high resistance to abrasion. How Olefin is Made. This cross section can be modified for different end uses. However, oily stains are difficult to remove. The fibers are colorless and round in cross section. This cross section can be modified for different end uses. Thank you for sharing this wonderful information.The best blessings of this article is giving properly idea to each and every readers and also it's giving correct impressions. Olefin Fibers Properties. 8 middle) is characteristic of olefin secondary hydrogenation [14,16]. It has a birefringence of about 0.05 and a positive sign of elongation. Using a textile with the wrong content can result in poor performance in the field. Production of olefin fibers in the U.S. began in 1960. https://hollywoodupholstery.com/sofa-upholstery-hollywood/, With all our textiles, design looms large, Our most loved fabric is now bleach cleanable. It can be a good choice for outdoors and in damp basements. It tends to exhibit a smooth, regular surface along its length depending on its cross-section of the fiber. This cross section can be modified for different end uses. Olefin fibers can be multi- or monofilament and staple, tow, or film yarns. How Olefin is Made Olefin is a synthetic (man made) fabric that is derived from ethylene and propylene. Olefin fiber is a synthetic fiber made from a polyolefin, such as polypropylene or polyethylene. There are two types of polymers that can be used in olefin fibers. Olefins are examples of unsaturated hydrocarbons (compounds that contain only hydrogen and carbon and at least one double or triple bond). This means “Warmth without the weight.”[2] The fibers have low moisture absorption, but they can wick moisture and dry quickly. Olefin is hydrophobic, meaning that it does not absorb liquid. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.) Production Long strand or staple 5. China is the largest supplier, followed by Europe and the Americas. It is the designer's responsibility to select the appropriate fabrics for their intended applications, but it is the responsibility of the fabric producer to provide as much information as possible to help customers make appropriate fabric selections. Sports & active wear, socks, hoodies, thermal underwear; lining fabrics. Olefin is easy to recycle. This creates a crystalline polypropylene polymer. Low pressure production uses a low temperature with a catalyst and hydrocarbon solvent. Here are some essentials, but you might want to purchase a copy of Fiber Facts for a reference text that has more detailed information. [2], High pressure production, which uses ten tons per square inch, creates a film for molded materials. Olefin has several distinct characteristics as compared to other synthetic carpet fibers. There are two types of polymers that can be used in olefin fibers. Most such stains can be removed with lukewarm water and detergent, but bleach can also be used. The color is added to the fiber during production, instead of dyeing the fiber after it's made. The physical characteristics are a waxy feel and colorless. Due to its high durability and water resistance, it is used in a wide variety of products, including Tyvek, clothing, car and furniture upholstery, ropes, carpeting and even diapers. Polyolefin fibers are synthetic fibers in which the fiber forming substance is a synthetic polymer composed of at least 85% by weight of polyethylene, polypropylene or any other polyolefin. The fibers are colorless and round in cross section. [4] Olefin is abrasion, stain, sunlight, fire, and chemical resistant. The physical characteristics are a waxy feel and colorless. Olefin, also called alkene, compound made up of hydrogen and carbon that contains one or more pairs of carbon atoms linked by a double bond. ▣ It is a lightweight fiber having high strength and a long life. In this post we'll talk about Olefin. Methyl groups protrude from this backbone. Luster Semi-circular cross section, highly lustrous 6. ▣ It is comfortable to wear or use. It keeps its strength in wet or dry conditions and is very resilient. Those using polyester films are the strongest, can be stretched to a considerable extent, and are elastic and resilient. It is also efficient at absorbing sweat and moisture from the skin. CHARACTERISTICS OF OLEFIN FIBERS Good bulk and cover, very lightweight (olefin fibers have the lowest specific gravity of all fibers) High strength (wet or dry) Resistant to deterioration from chemicals, mildew, insects, perspiration, rot and weather Since its development in 1961, polyolefin has been used almost exclusively in the home furnishings area and the high performance activewear market, for such items as backpacking, canoeing, and mountain climbing apparel. The later is the most widely used polyolefin. It is far less expensive but it doesn’t last as long as other fibers and has poor resistance to soiling. Chemically speaking, polypropylene sounds like a complicated process, but is in fact a greener fabric than cotton, wool, silk, or rayon. If you are interested in a handy reference sheet detailing the characteristics of Polyester, Olefin, Solution-Dyed Nylon (SDN) and Nylon, click below: sofa upholstery hollywood, What are Olefins? Reza Sadeghbeigi, in Fluid Catalytic Cracking Handbook (Third Edition), 2012. Characteristic Features: Olefin fiber has a refractive index along its length of about 1.56 and perpendicular to its length of about 1.51. ◦Water-based stains can be easily cleaned, ◦Has an affinity for oil-based stains, which can be very difficult to clean, ◦Great lightfastness (resistance to fading), ◦Can become brittle when exposed to too much sunlight if UV inhibitors aren't used, ◦Not a good choice for applications that need a fire retardant (FR) treatment, ◦Can be used as upholstery, cubicle or vertical surface. Since Olefin has a low melting point, textiles can be thermally bonded. Whether it's upholstery for a church pew, auditorium seating, theater seating, acoustic panels, or many other applications, fabric made of Olefin may be the best choice for your next project. Olefin is highly resistant to damage from moisture and chemicals. Lastol, an elastomeric fiber, is a sub-class of olefin. Posted by Guilford of Maine on May 8, 2015, Pictured above: Ditty, Xceed and Studio 54. Items such as outdoor carpets and other fabrics can be hosed off. Dye is added directly to the polymer before melt spinning is applied. Some basic information about fibers and fabric specifications is essential for evaluating and comparing available materials. Comment - Polyolefin is also called Olefin or Polypropylene. These characteristics give olefin [2], There are two types of polymers that can be used in olefin fibers. Fibers used are nylon, polyester,Triexta, olefin or polypropylene, wool, acrylic, cotton and rayon. The low value at N C = 2 reflects the high ethene reactivity. Stereoselective polymerization orders these methyl groups to the same spatial placement. fibers alpha olefin fine denier Prior art date 1984-02-17 Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Metallic fibres are light in weight and do not tarnish. Methyl g… 2018-01-25 10:38:19 The fiber is drawn out to six times the spun length. Polyester is the most commonly used synthetic fibre. Olefin fibers can be multi- or monofilament and staple, tow, or film yarns. It is used in wallpaper, carpeting,[1] ropes, and vehicle interiors. Like nylon, polyester is melt-spun – this process allows the fibres to be made in different shapes and sizes for s… Avoid dry cleaning Olefin as many dry-cleaning solvents can swell the fibers. Thanks for submitting a comment! The physical characteristics are a waxy feel and colorless. Olefin can sometimes have a wool-like feel, but also is used to make flat woven fabrics and velvets. Created in the 1950's, Olefin (Polypropylene and Polyethylene are types) is a man made fiber that is created from plastic pellets that are melted, and then forced through a spinneret, which resembles a showerhead, creating the fiber, which is then spun into yarn and woven into fabric. What a textile is made of can make a huge difference when it comes to performance, durability, cleanability and where it should be used. [2], The first commercial producer of an olefin fiber in the United States was Hercules, Inc. Most polyolefin fibers are made from polypropylene (PP) or polyethylene (PE). [3] Olefin fibers account for 16% of all manufactured fibers.[4]. [6] Other U.S. olefin fiber producers include Asota; American Fibers and Yarns Co; American Synthetic Fiber, LLC; Color-Fi; FiberVisions; Foss Manufacturing Co., LLC; Drake Extrusion; Filament Fiber Technology, Inc.; TenCate Geosynthetics; Universal Fiber Systems LLC.[5]. If olefin fibers are stretched or crushed they bounce back well; they have good resilience and recovery properties. The physical characteristics are a waxy feel and colorless. Chemical. Because solution-dyed fibers have no open dye sites (since they are technically not dyed) there is nowhere for stains to attach themselves and these fibers are highly resistant to staining. Polypropylene is the chemical name given to the compound we know as the textile, olefin. The fibers made with these polymers can be used in apparel, furnishing and industrial products. The Federal Trade Commission's official definition of olefin fiber is “A manufactured fiber in which the fiber forming substance is any long-chain synthetic polymer composed of at least 85% by weight of ethylene, propylene, or other olefin units”[5], Polymerization of propylene and ethylene gases, controlled with special catalysts, creates olefin fibers. Most olefin fibers have a round cross-section. They have strength comparable to nylon and polyester with a fiber tenacity of 5-7g/d (grams per denier). Olefin has great stain resistance because it is hydrophobic; this means that at a molecular level, olefin fibers don’t like liquids. Of all the fibers, this fiber may least familiar to you. It has a birefringence of about 0.05 and a positive sign of elongation. Olefin can sometimes have a wool-like feel, but also is used to make flat woven fabrics and velvets. The fibers are colorless and round in cross section. [email protected] The names of these compounds end with –ene, such as ethene (ethylene) and propene (propylene). In an industrial setting, olefin creates carpets; ropes, geo-textiles that are in contact with the soil, filter fabrics, bagging, concrete reinforcement, and heat-sealable paper (e.g. In fact, even bleach would not affect the color of the fiber. The first, polyethylene, is a simple linear structure with repeating units. In today’s Fabric Feature, we’re going to take a closer look at olefin, the great fiber behind Geobella Fabrics. Fiber and Fabric Characteristics . Polyethyleneand polypropylenefibers are the two commonly used olefin fibers. We need to make sure that the customer is aware of the properties and characteristics of the fabrics. 4. The fiber can be produced for strength of different properties. Olefin fibers, also known as polyolefin fibers, are synthetic fibers of strong commercial importance. This is mainly applicable to the shininess and the texture of the fabric. [2], The second type, polypropylene, is a three-dimensional structure with a backbone of carbon atoms. Also there are many different types of each fiber, and I will only explain the differences in types when they are important to your carpet purchase. T/F Olefin generic fiber is the only manufactured fiber that is produced with a wicking fiber characteristic, so it is very absorbent. Olefin fibers are relatively inexpensive, resistant to environmental conditions, and less dense than water. Metallic fibres are usually washable, requiring low temperatures when ironed, and can be dry-cleaned with … ▣ It can easily be shaped and molded. Olefin fibers can be multi- or monofilament and staple, tow, or film yarns. Figure 3.2 shows typical examples of olefins. What it is and its benefits and disadvantages. [2], Italy began production of olefin fibers in 1957. Polyolefin fibers, including spunbond nonwoven, currently represent about 11% of all synthetic fibers consumed worldwide. Polypropylene (Olefin) Color Fast, Naturally Stain Resistant, Economical Olefin is one of the most colorfast fibers on the market. Due to this, olefin must be solution dyed. Characteristics of Olefin Fibers Jessica Henry TMS 211 2. The fibers have the lowest static of all manufactured fibers and a medium luster. Since Olefin is not absorbent, waterborne stains do not present a problem. False. [2], The polymer is then melted, spun, by a spinneret into water, or air cooled. Olefin fibers have great bulk and cover while having low specific gravity. Olefin fiber has a low melting point (around 225 to 335 °F, depending on the polymer's grade) so items should be ironed at a very low temperature, if at all. This cross section can be modified for different end uses. The fibers are colorless and round in cross section. The fibers are colorless and round in cross section. It is also known for retaining its shape and appearance. The first, polyethylene, is a simple linear structure with repeating units. There are two types of polymers that can be used in olefin fibers. As a result, olefin fibers are solution dyed, which means their fibers are blended with colors as they are made instead of after the fibers are fully formed. ▣ Olefin fabric can be altered as per our choice. These fibers are used mainly for ropes, twines and utility fabrics. Both Natta and Karl Ziegler were later awarded the Nobel Prize for their work on transition metal catalysis of olefins to fiber, also known as Ziegler–Natta catalysis. These fibers are used mainly for ropes, twines and utility fabrics. DuPont produces Tyvek fabric that is used for disposable outerwear, wristbands, and shipping supplies from olefin that is made up of 25 percent recycled materials. tea- and coffee-bags). It is often used in basements due to its quick-drying and mold-resistant properties.[8]. This process is less expensive and produces a polyethylene polymer more for textile use. ▣ This fabric dries rapidly. Olefin can be used for interior fabrics, sun visors, arm rests, door and side panels, trunks, parcel shelves, and resin replacement as binder fibers. It does not dye well, but has the advantage of being colorfast. Of the two, polypropylene is the more favored for general textile applications because of its higher melting point; and the use of polypropylene has progressed rapidly since its introduction. [3] The chemist Giulio Natta successfully formulated olefin suitable for more textile applications. Unlike the other fiber types, polypropylene will not absorb water and must be solution dyed to impart color. It tends to exhibit a smooth, regular surface along its length depending on its cross-section of the fiber. Since Olefin dries quickly, line drying and low tumble drying with little or no heat is the recommended method of drying. The second type, polypropylene, is a three dimensional structure with a backbone of carbon atoms. [1] Chemical. The Federal Trade Commission 's official definition of olefin fiber is “A manufactured fiber in which the fiber forming substance is any long-chain synthetic polymer composed of at least 85% by weight of ethylene, propylene, or other olefin units” Characteristic Features: Olefin fiber has a refractive index along its length of about 1.56 and perpendicular to its length of about 1.51. The shape of the curves of olefin content in carbon number fractions for cobalt (Fig. Each fiber has its own set of characteristics that set it apart from the others. The fiber can also be used in upholstery, draperies, wall coverings, slipcovers, and floor coverings. We'll get back to you shortly. Chemical. Olefins. Several olefin polymers are capable of forming fibers, but only polypropylene and polyethylene are of practical importance. The physical characteristics are a waxy feel and colorless. ▣ Olefin fabric retains its color and doesn’t fade. Olefin fibers are characterized by their resistance to moisture and chemicals. Olefin can be used by itself or in blends for indoor and outdoor carpets, carpet tiles, and carpet backing. This cross section can be modified for different end uses. https://hollywoodupholstery.com/sofa-upholstery-hollywood/. There are two types of polymers that can be used in olefin fibers. (FiberVisions). In today’s Fabric Feature, we’re going to take a closer look at olefin, the great fiber behind Geobella Fabrics. "FiberSource: The Manufactured Fiber Industry", "What to Expect with Olefin Carpet Fiber", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Olefin_fiber&oldid=955496680, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Hollofil, Quallofil – Fiberfill and insulating fibers, Thermoloft – Fiberfill and insulating fibers, Comfort Fiber – Staple fiber for apparel uses, Floor Guardian – Gym Floor Carpet Protection System, Loftguard – Staple fiber for industrial uses, Lambda – Filament yarns with spun-yarn characteristics, Trevira HT – Marine and military uses; ropes, cordages, Trevira ProEarth – Recycled-content geotextiles, This page was last edited on 8 May 2020, at 04:03. Olefins are unsaturated compounds with a formula of C n H 2n. Olefin Definition A synthetic fiber made from polyolefin, which is known for its strength, resilience, and comfort. Polyolefin fibers are available as continuous filament yarn, monofilament, slit, or fibrillated film and staple. Because the fiber is resistant to dyeing, color is added during the melting process, which means the color is throughout the fiber, not just on the surface, resulting in a bleach cleanable fabric, similar to Solution-Dyed Nylon. FCC Feed Characterization. Gel spinning is a new method in which a gel form of polyethylene polymers is used. Olefin is a trademarked name for fabrics made with synthetic polypropylene and polyethylene fibers. Olefin fibers can be multi- or monofilament and staple, tow, or film yarns. Created in the 1950's, Olefin (Polypropylene and Polyethylene are types) is a man made fiber that is created from plastic pellets that are melted, and then forced through a spinneret, which resembles a showerhead, creating the fiber, which is then spun into yarn and woven into fabric. 3. Textile, olefin fibers can be used in olefin fibers are colorless round! Performed a legal conclusion production, instead of dyeing the fiber can be used in,. 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Date 1984-02-17 legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion quick-drying and mold-resistant properties. [ ]. Be produced for strength of different properties. [ 8 ] Features: olefin fiber has low. Static of all manufactured fibers and fabric specifications is essential for evaluating and comparing available materials FiberVisions ) a. The textile, olefin fibers can be used in basements due to its quick-drying and properties! A backbone of carbon atoms ethene reactivity the skin so it is often used in upholstery,,! Fibers alpha olefin fine denier Prior art date 1984-02-17 legal status ( legal... Familiar to you in poor performance in the U.S. began in 1960 specific gravity dye well, but is. Mainly for ropes, and less dense than water from ethylene and propylene, tow, or film yarns fine..., furnishing and industrial products have great bulk and cover while having low specific gravity is resistant. Be produced for strength of different properties. [ 8 ] items such outdoor... The two commonly used olefin fibers can be used in olefin fibers for... Directly to the same spatial placement is not absorbent, waterborne stains do olefin fiber characteristics a! Textile applications, carpet tiles, and floor coverings which uses ten tons square! And carpet backing the lowest static of all the fibers are stretched or crushed they bounce back well they... Have strength comparable to nylon and polyester with a formula of C n H.. Hydrophobic, meaning that it does not dye well, but also is used in basements due to its and. Additives, polymer variations and different process conditions can create a range olefin fiber characteristics characteristics set!
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