The wall of the Katora Houz outside the inner fort also collapsed on October 15. The Kakatiya dynasty was a South Indian dynasty whose capital was Orugallu, now known as Warangal. Golconda was originally known as Mankal. Golconda Fort is located in the western part of Hyderabad city and is about 9 km from the Hussain Sagar Lake. Golkonda was originally known as Mankal. It is listed as an archaeological treasure by the Archaeological Survey of India under The Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Sites and Remains Act. It is located at 11 km far from Hyderabad. [11], Golconda is renowned for the diamonds found on the south-east at Kollur Mine near Kollur, Guntur district, Paritala and Atkur in Krishna district and cut in the city during the Kakatiya reign. Later it was fortified between 14 th and 17 th centuries by the Bahmani Sultans and then by … The fort is considered as a hallmark of excellence in military architecture. It is listed as an archaeological treasure by the Archaeological Survey of India under The Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Sites and Remains Act. [citation needed]. It was taken over by the Bahmani Empire between 1358 and 1375. Golconda Fort was capital of Golconda Sultanate and it is a ruined fort of southern india. This historic fort derives its name from the Telugu word “Golla Konda” which means Shepherd’s hill. It is one of the most famous jewels in the world. Later, the fort came under the control of the Musunuri Nayakas, who defeated the Tughlaqi army occupying Warangal. The "Kala Mandir" is also located in the fort. The fort was rebuilt and strengthened by Rani Rudrama Devi and her successor Prataparudra. The Mughal Empire is said to have been founded by Babur a Central Asian ruler in 1526. Golconda fort presents a mesmerizing architecture which will astonish you at each and every step. Golconda Fort- The pride of Hyderabad. The history of Golconda Fort dates back to the early 13th century, when this south eastern … Golconda Fort view from the Entrance Gate Entrance of the Golconda Fort, Hyderabad The mosque inside is divided into two halls, a transverse outer hall and an inner hall entered through triple arches. Large quantities of cotton were produced for domestic and exports consumption. During the Renaissance and the early modern eras, the name "Golconda" acquired a legendary aura and became synonymous for vast wealth. A shephard boy originally came across an idol on the hill, which led to the then rulers constructing a mud fort. Kakatiya dynasty built the Golconda fort to defend the western part of their kingdom. The Kakatiya King of Warangal first built a mud fortification which was then passed to Bahmani Sultanate. The Katora Houz was used as a water storage facility for the fort. Patterned cloth exports were mainly to Java, Sumatra and other eastern countries. What started off as a kucha embankment was named Golconda where Golla meant Shepherd and Konda meant Hill. The Golconda Fort was built out of a mud fort that was originally created by the Yadavas and Kakatiyas around the 12th-century. Golconda Fort is located in the western part of Hyderabad. Golconda consists of four distinct forts with a 10 km (6.2 mi) long outer wall with 87 semicircular bastions (some still mounted with cannons), eight gateways, and four drawbridges, with a number of royal apartments and halls, temples, mosques, magazines, stables, etc. Bahmani rule gradually weakened during this period, and Sultan Quli formally became independent in 1538, establishing the Qutb Shahi dynasty based in Golconda. Fact sheet Location: 10 kms from Mehdipatnam in Hyderabad, the capital of Andhra Pradesh Built by: Kakatiya Kings of Warangal Built in: During the 13th century Highlights: Sound & Light Show, managed by APTDC How to reach- From the main city, local transportation is available easily to the fort. The dynasty’s name is derived from the word “Kakati”, which is thought to be the name of a goddess or a place. Shah Hatim Lake encroached with constructions and the adjacent ‘Naya Qila’ area partially taken over by the Hyderabad Golf Course . Patterned cloth was made of prints which were made indigenously with indigo for blue, chay-root for red coloured prints and vegetable yellow. There was a time when India had the only known diamond mines in the world. Golconda Fort Hyderabad, a UNESCO World Heritage site. "Shepherd's Hill" or "Golla Konda", as it was popularly known in Telugu, has an interesting story behind it. [citation needed], Its name has taken a generic meaning and has come to be associated with great wealth. There ar… These structures are made of beautifully carved stonework, and surrounded by landscaped gardens. The history of this heritage structure was in the 12th century when it was ruled by the Kakatiya’s followed by Bahamani’s and Qutub Shahi kings. An acoustic effect can be experienced at Fateh Darwazaan, a hand clap at a certain point below the dome at the entrance reverberates and can be heard clearly at the 'Bala Hisar' pavilion, the highest point almost a kilometer away. They were extracted in the form of donations to Hindu temples. The outer fort occupies an area of three square kilometers, which is 4.8 kilometers in length. Built by Mohammed Quli Qutb Shah in 1525, the Golconda Fort epitomises the opulent nawab culture of the time. Golkonda was the market city of the diamond trade, and gems sold there came from a number of mines. Golconda fort Hyderabad rains. This 400-year-old majestic and imposing Golconda Fort was built by the Kakatiya dynasty in the 13th century. They are currently included on India's "tentative list". This show is accompanied by : The impressive 16th century Golconda Fort stand tall for its glory and majesty. The two individual pavilions on the outer side of Golconda are also major attractions of the fort. It can be seen from the king's durbar (king's court) which was on top of the Golconda Fort. The Qutb Shahis were descendants of Qara Yusuf from Qara Qoyunlu, a Turkoman Muslim tribe. Considered one of India’s most outstanding citadels, the 13th century Golconda Fort was built by the Kakatiya kings and later switched hands and came into the possession of the Bahmani dynasty. It was transformed into a splendid fortified city of grand palaces, mosques and gardens by successive Qutb Shahi rulers. It is also known as Le Bijou du Roi which means ``the King's Jewel``. Founded in the approximately 12th Century by the Kakatiya Kings, this massive Golconda Fort with eight gates and 87 bastions was later built by Qutub Shahi Kings. Keats, John. It was originally a mud fort under the reign of Rajah of Warangal. The fort finally fell into ruins after the siege of Mughal Empire under Aurangzeb in 1687. The lowest of these is the outermost enclosure entered by the "Fateh Darwaza" (Victory gate, so called after Aurangzeb’s triumphant army marched in through this gate) studded with giant iron spikes (to prevent elephants from battering them down) near the south-eastern corner. Golconda Fort was also featured in our list of top 10 forts in India. Golkonda Fort was first worked by the Kakatiyas as a feature of their western resistances along the lines of the Kondapalli Fort. Golconda fort Hyderabad rains. Built at an approximate distance of around 9 kilometers from the popular Hussain Sagar Lake, this fortress is a beautifully preserved monument of the country. You will feel the emotions and witness the rise and fall of the empire. Referenced in the classical Russian ballet, A village located in the southern part of, This page was last edited on 29 November 2020, at 22:25. [12] It was originally known as Mankal, and built on a hilltop in the year 1143. Close to the fort are the beautiful domed monuments, the Qutb Shahi Tombs built with Islamic architecture. Golconda was originally known as Mankal. The other buildings found inside the fort are: The Baradari located at the top of the citadel. The name Golconda means a circular hill. The dynasty came to an end in 1687 during the reign of its seventh Sultan Abul Hasan Qutb Shah, when Mug… Its wall comprises of 8 gates and 87 bastions each one reaching the height of 50-60 feet. The Golconda fort, and other Qutb Shahi dynasty Monuments of Hyderabad (the Charminar, and the Qutb Shahi Tombs) were submitted by the Permanent Delegation of India to UNESCO in 2010 for consideration as World Heritage Sites. Hyderabad’s Golconda Fort opens July 6 with curbs, guides hope tourists will return Originally a mud fort built over a granite hilltop by Kakatiya rulers of Warangal in the year 1143, the fort was called 'Golla Konda', meaning a shepherd's hill. The history of the Golkonda Fort dates back to the early 13th century, when this south eastern part of the country was ruled by the Kakatiyas. The wall of the Katora Houz outside the inner fort also collapsed on October 15. This gate was built to commemorate the victorious march of Mughal Emperor Aurungzeb. The fort stands on a 400 ft high hill and was initially built by the Kakatiya dynasty in the twelfth century. Golconda fort was built in the 13 th century by the Kakatiyas with mud. Situated on 120m high hill, Golkonda fort gives the tourist almost a bird eye view of the surrounding areas. From 1518 to 1591 it was the capital of the Quṭb Shāhī kingdom (1518–1687), one of five Muslim sultanates of the Deccan. High quality plain or patterned cloth made of muslin and calico was produced. Rani Rudrama Devi and her successor Prataparudra strengthened the fort further. Golconda Fort is a very large fort consisting of temples, mosques, palaces, halls, apartments and other structures. It can be seen from the king's durbar (king's court) which was on top of the Golconda Fort. The Hope Diamond, a rare blue in color weighs 45.52 carats. Golconda Fort, Hyderabad History: Founded by a shepherd, a granite hill which once was a territory of the Kakatiya Dynasty, witnessed the construction of the Golconda fort. Sultan Quli Qutb-ul-Mulk (r. 1487–1543), sent by the Bahmanids as a governor at Golconda, established the city as the seat of his government around 1501. [4] It was ceded by Musunuri Kapaya Nayaka to the Bahmani Sultanate as part of a treaty in 1364.[5][6]. Golconda, historic fortress and ruined city lying 5 miles (8 km) west of Hyderabad in western Telangana state, southern India. It was originally known as Mankal, and built on a hilltop in the year 1143. The fort was built by the Kakatiya dynasty in the 13 th century. The two individual pavilions on the outer side of Golconda are also major attractions of the fort. The Golconda Fort, originally called Mankal, was first built as a defence during battles. Golconda Fort originally was Mangala Devi Temple, discovered by Ram Dev Rao, a shepherd on a hill named ‘Golla Konda‘ during 1080 CE. The Qutb Shahi dynasty ruled the Golconda Sultanate. It was transformed into a splendid fortified city of grand palaces, mosques and gardens by successive Qutb Shahi rulers. The Qutb Shahis expanded the fort, whose 7 km (4.3 mi) outer wall enclosed the city. These tombs have Islamic architecture and are located about 1 km (0.62 mi) north of the outer wall of Golconda. Golconda Fort was under the control of Qutub Shahis from 1518 AD to 1687 AD. The gate has steel spikes to protect it from elephants. A view of the Golconda Fort, with the city of Hyderabad in the background. It was a famous city known for only diamond trade. The city and fortress are built on a granite hill that is 120 meters high and is surrounded by massive battlements. Located in the city’s western part, Golconda Fort is one of the most famous attractions in Hyderabad. It remained the capital of the Qutb Shahi dynasty until 1590 when the capital was shifted to Hyderabad. Golconda is all this and more. Golconda Fort History – Golconda is one of the most popular tourist attractions of Telangana that has a legacy of more than 600 years. Golconda , or “Golla Konda” , literally meaning Shepherd’s hill, was originally built in the thirteenth century by the then Kakatiya rulers. [2][3] Later, the fort came under the control of the Musunuri Nayakas, who defeated the Tughlaqi army occupying Warangal. After the collapse of Bahmani Sultanate, the "Qutb Shahi" dynasty was established in 1518 AD by Quli Qutb Mulk who assumed the title of "Sultan". About Golconda Fort. They were great builders, who built monuments like the Char Minar. The granite block lintel below has sculpted yalis flanking a disc. Golkonda was originally known as Mankal. The Golconda Fort was built by the Qutub Shahi rulers who ruled for 160 years from the fort. The Golconda Fort used to have a vault where the famous Koh-i-Noor and Hope Golconda , or “Golla Konda” , literally meaning Shepherd’s hill, was originally built in the thirteenth century by the then Kakatiya rulers. Golconda Fort was first built by the Kakatiya dynasty as part of their western defenses along the lines of the Kondapalli Fort. Golconda Fort is one of the grandest forts in India. This historic fort derives its name from the Telugu word “Golla Konda” which means Shepherd’s hill. Many famous diamond-like Daria-i-Noor, Hope diamond, Koh-i-Noor, Hope Diamond, Prince Diamond, Regent Diamond, Wittelsbach-Graff Diamond were believed to be found here. It was built to use it as a part of their western defenses. The area above the door has peacocks with ornate tails flanking an ornamental arched niche. It is likewise a tehsil of Hyderabad area, Telangana, India. [10], The Golconda Fort used to have a vault where the famous Koh-i-Noor and Hope diamonds were once stored along with other diamonds. Golconda Fort History – Golconda is one of the most popular tourist attractions of Telangana that has a legacy of more than 600 years. After climbing two hours to the fort, followed by a climb up to the palace of Taramati, there is a temple in the middle of two rocks known as Mahakali Temple. The "Kala Mandir" is also located in the fort. Mosque and temple inside the fort to visit, Several dynasties ruled over the Golconda, Kakatiya dynasty: The dynasty who owned Kohinoor diamond, Music by Jagjit Singh and Kavita Krishnamurthy. Golconda Fort was first built by the Kakatiyas as part of their western defenses along the lines of the Kondapalli Fort.The city and the fortress were built on a granite hill that is 120 meters (390 ft) high, surrounded by massive battlements.The fort was rebuilt and strengthened by Rani Rudrama Devi and her successor Prataparudra. The fort was built on top of a granite hill. The fort was rebuilt and … The gate is very magnificent and was used to inform the residents of the fort about the danger. It is built on a point which is quite rocky. "Shepherd's Hill" or "Golla Konda", as it was popularly known in Telugu, has an interesting story behind it. The city is known for its historic past and modern future! The fort is considered as a hallmark of excellence in military architecture. Golconda is not only known for Golconda fort but also renowned for the diamonds all over the world. Under the same dynasty, the palace complex was added to the fort and the city walls surrounding were arranged. They are encircled by beautiful gardens and numerous carved stones. Golkonda fort also known as Golconda literally meaning round hill was built by Kakatiyas. He constructed a small temple around the goddess Mangala Devi idol and later Kakatiya rulers rebuilt a bigger temple. This tutorial will let you know about the history of the fort along with the structures present inside. The region has produced some of the world's most famous diamonds, including the colourless Koh-i-Noor (now owned by the United Kingdom), the blue Hope (United States), the pink Daria-i-Noor (Iran), the white Regent (France), the Dresden Green (Germany), and the colourless Orlov (Russia), Nizam and Jacob (India), as well as the now lost diamonds Florentine Yellow, Akbar Shah and Great Mogul. The outer fort occupies an area of three square kilometers, which is 4.8 kilometers in length. One fine day, on the rocky hill called Mangalavaram, a shepherd boy came across an idol. It is also known as Golkonda Fort or Golla Konda Fort. The name translates to victory gate in Urdu. The Kakatiya kings of Warangal founded the Golconda Fort, which was originally a mud fort. Many famed diamonds are believed to have been excavated from the mines of Golconda, such as: By the 1880s, "Golconda" was being used generically by English speakers to refer to any particularly rich mine, and later to any source of great wealth. The name of the fort has been derived from the Telugu words "Golla" and "Konda" which together means 'Shepherd's Hill'. Gemologists use this classification to denote a diamond with a complete (or almost-complete) lack of nitrogen; "Golconda" material is also referred to as "2A". It is located 11 kms from Hyderabad on a hill. It is built on a point which is quite rocky. Golkonda was initially known as Mankal. Situated at the upper part of the fort, south-southeast of Baradari at the top of Golconda Fort, the mosque was built in the memory of the fifth sultan of the Qutb Shahi dynasty of Golkonda. Golconda was originally known as Mankal. With the development of their unique Indo-Persian architecture, the Mughals made a major contribution to the Indian subcontinent. The Qutb Shahis, known for their secular rule, established in the 16th century that adopted the regional culture of the Deccan. The outer fort occupies an area of three square kilometers, which is 4.8 kilometers in length. The two individual pavilions on the outer side of Golconda are built on a point which is quite rocky. The spectacular Golconda Fort has above 80 bastons and 8 gates. The length of the gate is 25ft and width is 13ft. Built by Mohammed Quli Qutb Shah in 1525, the Golconda Fort epitomizes the opulent new culture of the time. 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