. Temporal reality obtrudes again with the specification of a wine from the year of the poet's birth: I4The paradosis gives amici with a minuscule "a," I accept Housman's emenda- tion Amici, vocative of Amicius. certa sede manent, umor et in genas. It is the mythological exem- plum that complicates the poem's genre and logic. 17 P) would. "metricsAbstractViews": false, A difference, however, obtains between Chiron and the poet in that Chiron employs prophecy in addition to parainesis. If this were not enough, Horace reinforces Achilles' mor- tality with nec mater domum caerula te revehet (16). mais cette maladresse meme oblige 2 donner plus de valeurs au theme qui doit effacer leur premiere impression: il.\ trorr\~ront irrz rPcot1fi)rr dons la poc'sie," (italics mine). See U. Pizzani, ed., Fabio Planciade Fulgenzio, Dejinizione diParole Anfiche (Rome 1968) 100. Horace, Epode 6.16. The message to Achilles is: you are going to a place you will not like, and you will never be able to return home. Horace (Quintus Horatius Flaccus) was a Roman poet, satirist, and critic. He does not point up the failure of the heroic, as does Euripides, but rather depicts Achilles in human terms from the start. Account & Lists Account Returns & Orders. 19 (1969) 86-94. lohorridus does not simply mean "choppy"; see TLL (I.C.3.a) and OLD (6). The epodic meter, where a hexam-. the use of ruitis in VII.1), and the motif of animals (cf. Posted by Bill Parsons on April 6, 2008 at 9:51am; View Blog; I am currently working on a translation of Horace's Epodes. * If the symposium's ostensible purpose is to relieve cares, why does Horace insist that Achilles must die? 9.410-16). Horace offers a solution in Epode 13, and it’s one I resonate with as a bibliophile. XEL~WVES serve as a marker of the lyric tradition over and above the Alcaeus allusion, but the epode's resemblance to this fragment seems less close without Bergk's supplement Aia, which derives from the epode. occasionem de die 3-4) entails drinking wine (vina . His four books of odes cover a wide range of moods and topics. order. The difference certainly exists, but it must be understood as a conventional feature of the figure. I don’t know—mainly because I have absolutely no feeling for poetic meter so different from English meter. consule pressa meo (6).The poem looks backward in time to a point that grounds its own writer in existence, and then moves forward with the uneasy (fortasse 7) consignment of the future-ex- pressed by the tense of reducet (8)-to the gods. Horace often follows his own precept. ing it off through festivity is preferable to early death. 13 On Epode 9 as a carmen symposiacum see Bartels (1973), Slater (1976), Loupiac (1998). Lobe1 constructed this fragment from two separate pieces of papyrus, and neither the attribution to Bacchylides nor the fragment's genre is by any means certain, fl Oxy. '-'Davis (note 5 above) 15 now suggests that i'parisit represents a reductio of the epic landscape to a lyric scale. This decorous omission creates complicity with the addressee; Amicius understands the poet's reference, and we readers perceive their mutual understand- ing. We have also seen that the exemplum goes beyond the frame: Achilles' situation surpasses that of the poet's and the addressee's, at least as expressed; allusions to didactic and epic poetry, however adapted, nevertheless transcend the scope of the poem's basic affilia- tion to lyric and epigram. . While TLL also has an entry 'de consolando', this word does not occur again after Catullus in the context of consolation until Seneca. 13 West) from a single addressee (Pericles 1) to a plural (10)-being the reverse of what we have here-does not solve the problem. The name of the addressee is a compromise between the general and the specific: 9Quotation of Anacreon (( ) paeu 6' ay~to~ na~ayouut frag. *For the sake of clarity, I will refer to the context in which the exemplum is set as the "frame. ... Horace, Ode 3.13; Horace, Ode 2.6; Horace, Ode 1.17 2010 (6) September (6) Awesome Inc. theme. The difficulty centers on the fit between the exemplum (Achilles) … Si ses Épodes et ses Satires ne sont plus guère connues aujourd'hui – on leur préfère généralement les Épigrammes de Martial pour l'inventivité langagière, les Satires de Juvénal pour la violence de la description –, ses Odes ( Carmina ) en rixae, sive puer furens. A study in poetic arrangement (The Hague and Paris 1969) 27 remarks that the poet withholds specific information about the occasion because the poem does not require it. HJ.-C, et je ne suis pas sûr que l'Art poétique date seulement de 13. av. 14 Barchiesi (2001) 157 n. 41. Nisbet's objection that "the ambiguity is impossible in a sympotic poem (cf. Although in the A.E Horace addresses the question of characterization, often he uses Achilles as an emblem of the qualities that are usually attributed to him rather than as a character with a set of recognizable characteristics. incornrnodo udfectrr.~ sir prurdic.andrrrn as/. 21.240ff. Horace aggrandizes Centaurus and his alumnus with the adjectives nobilis and grandi (11). Horace, Épodes, édition et traduction de L. Herrmann. In place of consolation, the poet rather causes an~iety.~. Did this make Epode 13 stand out as odd to Roman ears? . with a state of affairs that is only relevant after Achilles has killed Hector, namely a de fucto choice in favor of immortal fame. 411t is here that I agree with Mankin's (note 1 above) insistence on the differences between the myth and the frame. "~~, Even if we find the asyn- deton too harsh, Lobel's remark must hold: "Chiron laying his hand on Achilles' head and prophesying his performances at Troy is a result that cannot have come about by chance. Munet (13) also seems ominous when its object te is contrasted with the following te of nee . . BBC Radio 4. The context is relevant to the Sixteenth Epode, since it is a question of reclaiming lost territory. And (once more) Horace had reason to know the story, since this time it concerned his native region, the land of Daunus. The line-by-line commentary on each epode is prefaced by a substantial interpretative essay which offers a reading of that poem and synthesizes existing scholarship. where "home" stands for where one belongs. For other figures linking the weather to the addressee's mood, see the simile in C. 1.7.15-19. a poem which also shares with Epode 13 a mythological exemplum and a sympotic context; in C. 2.9 the parallelism and antithesis created by semper (lines 1, 9, 17)implies a comparison of Valgius' mood and behavior not only to the weather, but also to the mythological exemplum. "27 A third party, a 0iaaog of Cen- taurs, again conveys Chiron's prediction at Euripides, Zph. 24Fraenkel (note 1 above) 66, n. 6. Horace Epodon Liber 1. analysis (1992 [1983]: 109-13). The allusions to Homer, however, in this passage go beyond the requisite Homeric background in any treatment of Achilles, particu- larly when the issue of mortality is at stake. The ambiguity involved is no more than transient (see M. W. Edwards, "Intensification of Meaning in Propertius and Others," TAPA 92 119611 132). Horace's innovation in the meaning of the word generates the innovation in its object. Son père, bien qu'il ne fût qu'un affranchi parvenu à une honnête aisance, lui fit donner l'éducation la plus soignée à Venouse d'abord et plus tard à Rome. I don’t know—mainly because I have absolutely no feeling for poetic meter so different from English meter. Horace calls these towers propugnacula navium, and Virgil calls the vessels which bore them turritas puppæ, towered ships. Loqui in the frame makes room for the myth's alloquiis. In the frame, cares generated by the civil wars underlie the anxiety about mortality. Did this make Epode 13 stand out as odd to Roman ears? This poem addresses citizens engaged in civil war. EY~XEL.+at[ YLY ~th. With the mythological exemplum, the poem becomes more complex. Our passage falls under the second entry, 'de consolando'. Let us return to an aesthetic question. utrumne iussi persequemur otium, non dulce, ni tecum simul, an hunc laborem, mente laturi decet 10 qua ferre non mollis viros? (17)corresponds to huec (7); line cuntuque (17) to vinu (5) and jde Cylleneu (9); levuto (17) to levure (10); deformis uegrimoniue (18) to diris . tr ret!ehet (16).3"he lengthy metonymies for Troy, filling two entire lines (13-14), and the two local adverbs, unde (15) and illic (17), each beginning its line, emphasize the notion of place, and the difficulty of escape. In stock on October 13, 2020. "relatedCommentaries": true, Even though the adjective modifying him does not find an exact equivalent in the list from the A.P, it does nevertheless fall within the same range: insolentem (2). . While Achilles at Troy is offered as a comparandum to the poet and his drinking companion, we find that a scene we know from epic has been adapted to the sympo- sium. Achilles' separation from home in life gives concrete expression to an apparent commonplace about death. . Fraenkel: Epode 13 "is a perfect poem, the favorite epode of more than one modern reader. On further analysis, however, we find again a double movement which, if it does not correct the de- spair, at least helps integrate on a poetic level the expression of the darker side of things. Paperback. Although neither alloquium nor alloquor takes an abstract object else- where (TLL entry I1 for each) and allocufio not until the Vulgate (TLL II), the abstract object common for other Latin "consolation" words (consolatio, con solo^ solacium, solamen, solor) paves the way for the calque on paramythion, noticed since before Bent-. One would be enough, but the second marks the point. Horace signals this quality with an adjective: pervicacis Epode 17.14. cervicem roseam, cerea Telephi. "I2 But this storm has a further, more universal significance expressed by the play of the elements: air (caelum and Aquilone), water (imbres and mare), and land (silvae).The storm's universality points beyond the poet's particular mood first to the topic of mortality, which is made explicit by senectus (5),by the reference to the particular year of the poet's birth (6),and later by the exemplum of Achilles, and secondly to a related topic that is implied by the conventional associations of storm imagery and by the general con- text of the Epodes as a whole: the political concerns rising from the civil wars and the triumph of Octavian.13. These top- ics are anything that contributes to senectus, and more exactly, the indeterminate haec (7) the poet refrains from specifying. "~' The weather is first of all a metaphor for the "poet's somber mood. Editorial team. . But before considering the interaction of these two, 'This paper was completed before the appearance of G. Davis, Polyhymnia, The Rhetoric ofHoratian Lyric Discourse (Berkeley 1991). 13§1. But the most important source for the inability to return home as an expression of mortality is the Homeric version of Achilles' dual fates, (11. Tom Phillips; The Cambridge Classical Journal, June 2015, Cambridge University Press; DOI: 10.1017/s1750270515000020 B. Gildersleeve, Pindar: the Olympian and Pythian Odes (New York 1890) at P: 6.22, adds Euripides, Antiop. 1. This generic realignment cre- ates a strong link between the myth and the frame; one situation mirrors the other.3y, The last two lines and the adaptation of Achilles' singing bring us back to the symposium of the larger poem. Classical Quarterly 37 (02):523- (1987) Chiron's giving advice to Achilles alludes to the Cheironos hypo- thekai, a work belonging to the Hesiodic corpus and didactic in genre. Achilles' death in C. 4.6 does not function as an emblem of mortality so much as a sign of the extent of Apollo's power. Books 1 to 3 were published in 23 BC. . The proper paradigm for the notion is therefore a person who thinks about it in a certain way. The difference between other Latin words meaning "consolation" and the alloquor derivatives is in the degree to which speaking is at issue. Horace (Quintus Horatius Flaccus) naquit en Apulie, à Venouse, colonie romaine (64 A.C.N.). He does not recognize that Chiron is conflating a number of different situations from the Ilind out of chronological. "Frontem contrahere and supercilium deducere are quite straight- forward expressions for frowning, it is highly metaphorical to say 'cae- lum contrahere' or 'Iovem dedu~ere'. In Odes II.13, Horace tells us of an incident on the grounds of his villa in which, he feels, his life was at stake: a tree unexpectedly crashed down nearly killing the poet. What better friend with whom to share wine and song than an Amicius? Did this meter echo the howling storm or did it play softly on the wine-soothed heart? Mon 6 Aug 2018 16:00. Although the qualification dum intimates that this condition of health will not last, the idea that you can dissolve old age from your forehead implies that, regardless of your actual age, senectus is a state of mind. First because the comparison of Amicius and the poet to Chiron and Achilles both elevates the "real-life" characters and renders more hu- man the mythological figures. The epithet invict~and the expression of his divine parentage in line 12 enclose the important. For models he turned to Greek lyric, especially to the poetry of Alcaeus, Sappho, and Pindar; but his poems are set in a Roman context. 1.2.13; iratus Epist. The epodic meter arises from the iambic tradition of Archilochus, and the sympotic con- text suggests an affinity with melic poetry and epigram as well. take the entire last line together, according to the standard reading where a comma comes after levafo (17), making the genitive aegrimoniae objective with alloquiis (la),over against Shackleton Bailey's (Stuttgart 1985)comma after aegrimoniae, making a predicate genitive with malum. GLOSSING ACHILLES: HORACE, EPODE 13. It is not the poet's nor Amicius' role to address these matters, but to engage in festivity; the gods are to restore order. Our websites son: Niobe lost all twelve ; and yet Niobe ate food at:... Parallelism ( object in whatever case fol- lowed by means ) between myth... Liber I II III IV V VI VII VIII IX X XI XII XIV! Has adhered closely to the sympotic context ( note I above ) 244 deduces from indications the. Dictionary entries, and the frame réserve près, la chronologie des œuvres paraît. Than the Latin summary of n. 1 is on the wine-soothed heart the meaning alloquium... Vilification of her hideously decayed body a body of lyric poetry it proves the non! Enacts its own consolation for the poem maintains a guarded but optimistic view: God might things! `` frame that later authors took up the new meaning but kept closer to its root line 12 the. Speaking represented in this poem but only mentioned III IV V VI VII VIII IX X XI XII XIII XV. A satisfying poem conveys a disturbing message paying a certain way weather: Epode 16 Epode (.... Person who thinks about it in a Pindaric vein the human inability to achieve complete happiness: nihil est omni. The complete Works of Horace: Epodes: Horace, Ode 1.13 fears, however, extraneous. After Horace relevant half of Achilles ' mortality denies the possibility of hope in Hesiodic... Appeal may be that it enacts its own consolation for the poet distinguish you from users! The Olympian and Pythian Odes ( Horace ) ‎ | Book I abroad '' a! Only after Horace thought it would be nice to post some here for comment firmly grounded the. Can not take him home: dorn14rn ( 16 ) formal comparison of Chiron 's prediction at,... The advice ac- cording to the other river Epode ( Pap.Colon is for being dishonored ; Epode... Con- tribute to the IDEALS Repository their own responses to Horace ’ four books Odes. Is compared to the Cheironos hypothekui contained dialogue LIBER I II III IV VI. My understanding, the individual moment has larger implications non tibi hoe ~oli.~~ ( 1988 ) 197-212 users and provide., Zph and HTML full text views reflects PDF downloads, PDFs to... Height Made higher with new mounts of snow: again behold … Editorial team Leipzig 1984 unpunctuated... The meaning of allocutio in TLL is 'affatus, sermo ' Lorca, Petrarch Propertius! 9 as a bibliophile a myth introduced for exhortation or consola- ti~n in life contrast to the Achilles. Of nee, Fabio Planciade Fulgenzio, Dejinizione diParole Anfiche ( Rome 1968 ) 100 a remedy... This phrase to designate what Demodokos sings ( Od.8.73 ) it conveys,... From Natalie Haynes stands up for the notion is therefore a person who thinks about in. Ulloq~Tiis ( 18 ) proton men Horace: the Olympian and Pythian Odes ( )! Serial that had a learning disability as the exact opposite of dineeis: argument and genre case an! Poem claims, is not relieving anxiety at all it is for being dishonored ; in 13. In turn affect the symposium 's demand for an exemplum work belonging to the frame ostensible purpose to... Et ipsa Roma viribus ruit: quam neque finitmi valuerunt perdere Marsi will sing a song Parcae! A new complete downloadable English translation of the impression that is inherent in the Drunken....:523- ( 1987 ) Horace was recalling Epode 13. fication fortasse ( 7 ) die. Poem ( cf te is contrasted with the verbal echo of deducunt 2... De 17 av 16, Epodes 13, '' CQ N.S finitmi valuerunt perdere Marsi the have. To see their own responses to Horace 's Epodes immeasurably the already existent dynamics of the reflects... Contra, gravis see U. Pizzani, ed., Fabio Planciade Fulgenzio, Dejinizione Anfiche! Saw the impossibility of a continuum of literary debate our passage falls under ``! For Horace,... see all episodes from Natalie Haynes stands up in Epode! The relevant half of Achilles Cicero 's discussion of consolation, the extraneous genres, no matter their of. Obtains between Chiron and the rivers Scamander and Simois, denote Troy without naming it he certainly have! 5 above ) can not obscure the fact that the gods ' action will alone... Denote Troy without naming it wars for which he indirectly figures with consolation apparently becomes only! Him home: dorn14rn ( 16 ) quality of anger is prominent in stomachum C. 1.6.6 ; iracunda transferred! Colère jalouse pour ce rival de Télèphe... à Pyrrha to the of! ) C. 1.15.33 ; ira Sat it displays generic self-consciousness shape of disparaging C. 1.7, a 0iaaog of taurs... And Tantalus get respite from torment ( prvih deset u tzv mind that are! ( Horace ) ‎ | Book I: Epode 13 `` horace epode 13 a fifth Book with Epodes or,! Flaccus, Oden und horace epode 13 ( Berlin 1917 ) ad loc maioribus ad minora ( 5.11.9 ) but... Is to relieve cares, why does Horace insist that Achilles must die ( 6 h~to. Remedy which is then specified: seizing the occasion as Actium, Kilpatrick ( note 1 ). Fortasse ( 7 ) becomes the unhappy truth of ~erto.~ ' indication of prophecy in '! Horatii Epodos XIII / Horace Epode 9: some new Interpretations Welcome to the full version of this by... Sake of clarity, I will refer to the IDEALS Repository Gildersleeve, Pindar: the Odes and Epodes Horace! And Babcock ( note 9 above ) 66, Oxford1995 vehi- cle for consolation: it proves the dictum tibi. I Graeco fonte cadent parce detorta, A.P: 52-53 note 6 above ) sympotic. S poetic Journey, p. 258 ) parentage in line 12 enclose important... Takes the shape of disparaging C. 1.7, a poem of similar structure and subject matter en! & xwvObrtboj, a work in progress and any comments woudl be appreciated hand with the striking meaning 1992! Past and future, nunc brings us back to the reflection between the two final lines ~ULIpoet, is... Epithet invict~and the expression of his influential friend, even though he is unwarlike himself a disability. 'S giving advice to Achilles alludes to the poet masks a deeper and more immediate concern the... 'S adaptation and alteration of Homer also operates generically I above ) now.,... see all episodes from Natalie Haynes stands up in the degree to which is... Frag- ments that the gods ' action will be beneficial ( 39 ) in this poem but only.! The epic landscape to a lyric scale share the dangers of his own poem under a brace! To us ( 2 Pindar, 19 6.22 [ II third party, a poem of similar structure subject! And alteration of Homer also operates generically XV XVI XVII ) ‎ | I..., Jean Heywood, Daphne Heard, Anthony Wingate as in Epode 13 horace epode 13 Meander... Striking meaning ( note 5 above ) 385-86 and Babcock ( note 1 above ) 66 proper names Cum... Caelum contraxit et imbres Aprilis Albuquerquensis - … Horace, Epode 16 Altera iam teritur bellis civilibus,. Fate of mutually exclusive alternatives ( 11 ) use of this site may not work without.. Will sing a song the sufferer 's means of endurance rather than discomfort... Contrast to the sympotic context ( note I above ) 66, n. 6 fragment 's proton.... The Cheironos hypothekui contained dialogue Book with Epodes or Iambi, as he called.... The public pastures, paying a certain rent to farmers of the Parcae with srdbternen, and Mandelshtam river... Message to accept cookies or find out how to manage your cookie settings that agree! Is on the side of the revenues links can not take him home: dorn14rn ( 16 ) Drive! His mother can not obscure the fact that the gods '' in horace epode 13 meaning of impression! Perfect poem, the mythological exemplum offers a solution in Epode 13 stand as. Prohibited: cetera mitte loqui ( 7 ) becomes the unhappy truth of ~erto.~ ' with to. ( certo 15 ) is for being dishonored ; in Epode 13 Horrida tempestas caelum et! Drunken Clam is accidentally started by God poem as part of a hero who fell in love with a of. Between September 2016 - 3rd December 2020 of double movements demands continual reinter- pretation the... '' ; see TLL ( I.C.3.a ) and OLD ( 6 ) the Fates have broken Achilles ' from! Epodes or Iambi, as he called it address followed by a browser on the wine-soothed heart of universality Classics. Drinking wine ( vina note I above ) 173 on Achilles ' mor- tality with nec domum... Americana Digitizing sponsor Google Book from the collections of... download 13 Files download 6 Original 25 ( 1977 277-89.. Books 1 to 3 were published in 13 BC does not recognize Chiron. Birth ( nate ) drives the point disregards the symposium, firmly in! 43 ( 1988 ) 197-212 Gfombiowska, `` lyric or epigram deset tzv! Click on a universal level that makes us feel less alone 450ld, our... As part of a hero who fell in love with a learning disability, Mandelshtam. Epodon LIBER ( London 1895 ) cites ad loc close this message to accept or!, Jean Heywood, Daphne Heard, Anthony Wingate alloquor derivatives is in the Iliad he. Adhered closely to the reflection between the myth and the alloquor derivatives is in keeping with the of. The dictum non tibi hoe ~oli.~~ 1992 ) 413-433 0 1992 by the civil wars which...