Saudi Arabia e-Visa Travel Authorization Agency is professional visa agency that provides assistance to eligible travelers visiting Saudi Arabia in obtaining their e-visa Documents. "[43], In 2009–2010, Saudi women opposed mixed workplaces and women driving,[48] and a majority of women did not think women should hold political office. King Abdullah swore in the first 30 women to Saudi Arabia’s Shura Council in February 2013. Saudi Arabia and the apartheid analogy is a comparison of Saudi Arabia's treatment of minorities and non-Muslim foreigners with South Africa's treatment of non-whites during its apartheid era, or the description of Saudi treatment of women under Sharia Law with the concept of Gender apartheid. "[268], Cultural relativism is the root of activist inaction, according to feminists such as Azar Majedi, Pamela Bone, and Maryam Namazie. "Women ... will be notified of any changes to their marital status via text message. [27][28] According to the Saudi Arabia's Ministry of Information, the new laws will come into effect at the end of August 2019. Traditional dress code in KSA . ", "MIDDLE EAST: FGM still largely an unknown quantity in Arab world", "Women married to foreigners can now sponsor kids, spouse", "Traditions make women give up rights of inheritance", "Saudi Arabia to eliminate flogging punishment", "Abuse of Female Domestic Workers Biggest Problem", "Gender, Institutions and Development Database", "Women in the Middle East, A weak breeze of change", "Saudi Arabia's king pardons gang-rape victim", "Saudi Arabia: Rape Victim Punished for Speaking Out", "Exclusive: Saudi Rape Victim Tells Her Story", "Girl gets a year in jail, 100 lashes for adultery", "More than 100 Bangladeshi migrant women 'abused and harassed' return home from Saudi Arabia", "Saudi Arabia: 'Heartbreaking' anniversary marks two-year detention of women human rights defenders", "Saudi Reforms Five Years On: Looser Rein, Slight Gain", "Female Saudi Arabian minister's TV stance confounds rights advocates", "Saudi Arabia's Municipal Elections: Tough Lessons Learned from Islamic Conservatives", "Saudi Calls for Equity; Grand Mufti Blasts Speech", "Saudi Feminist Wajeha Al-Huweidar: The Campaign for Women's Right to Drive Saudi Arabia Is Just the Beginning", "First Saudi woman attains aircraft dispatcher license", "Saudi Arabia sends four female athletes to Rio", "Saudi princess appointed to oversee women's sports sector", "Saudi women no longer need male guardian consents to receive services", "Saudi Arabia to let women work and study without man's permission", "Meghan Markle news: Why is Meghan Markle's friend in prison in Saudi Arabia? She became the first female envoy in the history of the kingdom. Rahaf, 18, escaped archaic Saudi laws that force women into what she accurately described as slavery. Women in Saudi Arabia are labeled as an inferior gender in their culture due to strict regulations in female dress. According to Amnesty International, Samar Badawi was also referred to the same special court, while Nassima al-Sada, Nouf Abdulaziz and Maya’a al-Zahrani were to remained in detention. Thankfully, as part of Vision 2030, Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman initiated a new system that has opened tourism in Saudi Arabia in a great way. "[43][99][100], Although the dress code is often regarded in the West as a highly visible symbol of oppression, Saudi women place the dress code low on the list of priorities for reform or leave it off entirely. We can criticise only our own. As evidence, they cite restrictions on travel, fields of study, choice of profession, access to the courts, and political speech. Amnesty has also called for wider reforms in Saudi Arabia, where women remain subject to male guardianship laws. Saudi Arabia prescribes 1-year jail-term, SR50,000 fine for assaulting women. Marrying outside the tribe is also grounds for limiting women's inheritance. [189] In September 2011, King Abdullah announced that women would be allowed to vote and run for office in the 2015 municipal elections. Conservative cleric Mohsen al-Awajy says the country must resist secularization: "Saudi society is a special, tribal society, and neither King Abdullah or anyone else can impose his own interpretation of Islam. According to his September 2011 announcement, women can now be appointed to the Consultative Assembly. [33], The official law, if not the custom, requiring a guardian's permission for a woman to seek employment was repealed in 2008. Many historians and Islamic scholars hold that the custom, if not requirement, of the veil predates Islam in parts of the region. [156] Newspaper editorials in support of the decree claimed that women were allowed to ride camels in the time of Muhammad. [185], Gender segregation has produced great enthusiasm for innovative communications technology, especially when it is anonymous. Most of the time, we are walking in place. MEDINA, Saudi Arabia — On the question of women working, the law of the land was crystal clear. [231] The Ministry of Justice defended the sentence, saying she committed adultery and "provoked the attack" because she was "indecently dressed. CNN reached out to the Saudi government for their response. [210][211] According to Al-Baz, her husband beat her after she answered the phone without his permission and told her he intended to kill her. [171], Skepticism was very common about possible change in Saudi Arabia's deeply religious and patriarchal society, where many believed that allowing women the right to drive could lead to Western-style openness and an erosion of traditional values. [205][227], Under Sharia law, generally enforced by the government, the courts will punish a rapist with anything from flogging to execution. [266][267][268] The New York Times writes, "Saudi women are denied many of the same rights that 'Blacks' and 'Coloreds' were denied in apartheid South Africa and yet the kingdom still belongs to the very same international community that kicked Pretoria out of its club. That is a question that Muslims must ask of Saudi Arabia because unless we challenge the determinedly anti-women teachings of Islam in Saudi Arabia, that kingdom will always get a free pass. Here are some of the misunderstandings surrounding what a woman can and cannot do in Saudi Arabia. ", "Meghan Markle's friend 'being waterboarded and given electric shocks in jail, "Meghan Markle's friend tortured in Saudi prison for fighting for women's rights", "Saudi Arabia to notify women of divorce by text message", "Women in Saudi Arabia must now be informed if they've been divorced", "Why we stay mute on Islamic sex apartheid", "The Wahhabi Woman Problem: Why no campaigns against Saudi Arabia's institutionalized sexism? The UN report argued that women are prevented from escaping abusive environments because of their lack of legal and economic independence. The banks employ women exclusively for every position except for the guards posted at the door to see that no men enter by mistake. Like many other Muslim-majority countries, Saudi Arabia bases its personal law system on Islamic law. [225], Legally, children belong to their father, who has sole guardianship. Their Families Don’t Always Agree. There are problems mostly with the way the law is interpreted, mostly in the courts, but those are changing." Under Sharia law, women have very few rights regarding public dress. [24] Girls and women were forbidden from traveling, conducting official business, or undergoing certain medical procedures without permission from their male guardians. "[127], Saudi women often specify education as the most important area for women's rights reform. Saudi Law Granted Women New Freedoms. We should not impose our values on them. While these laws are expected to be obeyed by both male and female foreigners, there are a few laws that apply more to women. Wearing the abaya in public became mandatory. [257][258], In 2017, a decision was made to allow women to process their government transactions without the need to take a prior consent from their partners. [54] Some Saudi female advocates of government reform reject foreign criticism of Saudi limitations upon rights, for "failing to understand the uniqueness of Saudi society. I believe the day will come when women will drive. [204], In 2005, the country's religious authority banned the practice of forced marriage. A 2009 report by the UN questioned whether any international law ratified by the government has ever been applied inside Saudi Arabia. [173][176] The sentence was overturned by King Abdullah. [202], In 2008, women were allowed to enter hotels and furnished apartments without their mahram if they had their national identification cards. [205], The Quran states that daughters inherit half as much as sons. The law is the first of … She had been gang-raped, become pregnant, and tried unsuccessfully to abort the fetus. In 2001, a small number of ID cards were issued for women who had the permission of their mahram. [237], The case prompted Egyptian-American journalist Mona Eltahawy to comment "What kind of God would punish a woman for rape? [166], In early 2010, the government began considering a proposal to create a nationwide women-only bus system. Human Rights Watch has documented the impact of such laws and policies on the lives of women in its 2016 report, “Boxed In: Women and Saudi Arabia’s Male … UN Watch director Hillel Neuer called the decision "absurd" and compared the situation to "making an arsonist into the town fire chief". Where is any woman going to find six men to go with her to the court?! [248] The same year, Saudi women were first allowed to ride bicycles, although only around parks and other "recreational areas. Trends in the enforcement of Islamic code have influenced women's rights in Saudi Arabia. [183], Women are generally discouraged from using public transport. If a divorce takes place, women may be granted custody of their young children until they reach the age of seven. [214] Five years later, in 2013, Saudi Arabia launched its first major effort against domestic violence, the "No More Abuse" ad campaign. My daughter is a woman. Saudi law dictates that women be legally controlled for their entire lives by a male guardian. Gender segregation was relaxed, but remained the norm. [23] Moreover, new laws were issued on 1 August 2019, granting women the right to register a divorce or a marriage and apply for official documents without requiring their guardian's permission. The driving ban for women is the best example. A Saudi Arabia law that went into effect Sunday requires women to be informed by text message if their husbands file for divorce. Forty-seven women drove illegally through Riyadh, in protest against the ban on driving. In addition, it has relaxed the previously strict religious laws, making travel to the country an easier affair, especially for women. [15][33][190][191] Although King Abdullah was no longer alive at the time of the 2015 municipal elections, women were allowed to vote and stand as candidates for the first time in the country's history. Some women are prevented from leaving their homes without the permission of their guardian and the guardians can seek court orders for a woman to return to the family home. [156] On 26 September 2017, King Salman decreed that women would be allowed to gain driver's licenses in the Kingdom, which would effectively grant women the right to drive, within the next year. This often created confusion and even led to homelessness. [116], Saudi women are now seen developing professional careers as doctors, teachers and even business leaders, a process described by in 2007 by ABC News as "painfully slow. A post shared by Dolce&Gabbana (@dolcegabbana) on Feb 22, 2017 at 6:24am PST. It is considered an offense if a woman appears in public, unless accompanied by a male relative or guardian. ", "Christianity has been Challenge, Islam has Not! His first wife, Khadijah, was a powerful businesswoman in pre-Islamic times who employed him and then initiated the marriage proposal on her own. Apart from this the authorities in Saudi Arabia have also nullified the retirement age rule- 60 years for men and 55 years for women. My wife is a woman. It also includes a provision obliging employees to report instances of abuse in the workplace to their employer. [119], Some "firsts" in Saudi women's employment occurred in 2013, when the Kingdom registered its first female trainee lawyer (Arwa al-Hujaili),[120] its first female lawyer to be granted an official license from its Ministry of Justice (Bayan Mahmoud Al-Zahran),[121] and the first female Saudi police officer (Ayat Bakhreeba). [34][35] Meanwhile, Sheikh Abdul Rahman al-Barrak, another prominent cleric, issued a fatwa (religious opinion) that proponents of ikhtilat should be killed.[36]. "[54], A poll conducted by a former lecturer Ahmed Abdel-Raheem in 2013 to female students at Al-Lith College for Girls at Um al-Qura University, Mecca, found that 79% of the participants in the poll did not support the lifting of the driving ban for women. [155] A 2012 film Wadjda highlighted this issue. Her goal was to make and direct her Bollywood movie Reem The True Story to showcase the twenty-first century Saudi lifestyle and Saudi women to the world. Education, medicine, public administration, natural sciences, social sciences, and Islamic studies are deemed appropriate for women. In the Qatif rape case, an 18-year-old victim of kidnapping and gang rape was sentenced by a Saudi court to six months in prison and 90 lashes. Traditionally, women have been excluded from studying engineering, pharmacy, architecture, and law. [127] More women receive secondary and tertiary education than men;[5] [196] In 2013, Saudi Arabia registered its first female trainee lawyer, Arwa al-Hujaili. Most religious authorities have justified the marriage of girls as young as nine and boys as young as fifteen. But progress is incredibly slow, and lags far behind the rest of the world. Religious belief about gender roles and the perception that education is more relevant for men has resulted in fewer educational opportunities for women. Nonetheless, she supports the women's suffrage in municipal elections. Some of these strict rules in Saudi Arabia have started to change. Women do not need male permission to apply for the card, but do need it to travel abroad. Vehicle for hire has improved mobility for women and also promoted employment participation among them with its improved transport flexibility. As one woman put it: In Saudi Arabia, we live more of a virtual life than a real life. Critics also blame Western corporations that cooperate in enforcing segregation. Older children are often awarded to the father or the paternal grandparents. [214], In August 2013, the Saudi cabinet approved a law making domestic violence a criminal offense for the first time. "[252], For several decades, non-Saudi women suffered job discrimination because there was a popular belief that organizations and corporations were not allowed to hire non-Saudi women. [34][47] The subsequent September 11 attacks against the World Trade Center in 2001, on the other hand, are often viewed as precipitating cultural change away from strict fundamentalism. Women in Saudi Arabia are now happy and hopeful for changes in women's rights in the Kingdom, i24News reported during a series of interviews with Saudi women. These conditions make complaints against the guardians themselves extremely difficult. The state will aspire to strengthen family ties, maintain its Arab and Islamic values and care for all its members, and to provide the right conditions for the growth of their resources and capabilities. [131][132], One of the official educational policies is to promote "belief in the One God, Islam as the way of life, and Muhammad as God's Messenger." Shareefa was married to an 80-year-old man when she was 10. "Look, we are not asking for ... women's rights according to Western values or lifestyles ... We want things according to what Islam says. Many other conservative Saudi citizens argue that cards, which show a woman's unveiled face, violate purdah and Saudi custom. The testimony of a woman is only worth half a man’s in Saudi Arabia’s legal system. ", "Forcibly reptriated Saudi woman: 'My family will kill me, "Gender Apartheid and Cultural Absolution", "Saudi husbands 'alerted by text' if their wives leave the country", "SAUDI ARABIA : Fatima A. ... therefore no woman will be employed without the explicit consent of her guardian. [249], Saudis frequently debate how to bring about change. Saudi Arabia is slowly but surely opening up to modernization. This page was last edited on 30 November 2020, at 19:48. Sharia law, or the divine will, is derived by scholars through interpreting the Quran and hadith (sayings of and accounts about Muhammad's life). Namus is a common feature of many different patriarchal societies. "[54][36][48], Journalist Maha Akeel, a frequent critic of her government's restrictions on women, states that Westerner critics do not understand Saudi. Women attend classes with men, drive on campus, and are not required to veil themselves. [185], Saudi Arabia is an absolute monarchy, with a Consultative Assembly (shura) of lawmakers appointed by the king. [52] However, this was directly contradicted by a 2007 Gallup poll which found that 66% of Saudi women and 55% of Saudi men agreed that women should be allowed to drive. The World Economic Forum's 2016 Global Gender Gap Report ranked Saudi Arabia 141 out of 144 countries for gender parity, down from 134 out of 145 in 2015. They are further oppressed, according to the UN, by practices surrounding divorce and child custody, the absence of a law criminalizing violence against women, and inconsistencies in the application of laws and procedures. [34][47][100][101], In contrast, the 11 September 2001 attacks against the United States precipitated a reaction against ultra-conservative Islamic sentiment; fifteen of the nineteen hijackers in the September 11 attacks came from Saudi Arabia. Therefore, women are required to wear long vales or even a black, full body covering known as the chador. Al-Huwaider filmed Manal al-Sharif driving in Khobar and the video was published on YouTube and Facebook. [43][44], Enforcement and custom vary by region. At the higher levels, males have better research facilities. They object to being treated like "subordinates" and "children". [72], Liberal activists reject guardianship as demeaning to women. During the late 20th and early 21st centuries, women's rights in Saudi Arabia have been severely limited in comparison to the rights of women in many of its neighboring countries due to the strict interpretation and application of sharia law. [217] A 2009 think-tank report on women's education concluded "Early marriage (before 16 years) ... negatively influences their chances of employment and the economic status of the family. 89 Shares View this post on Instagram. Social reforms in the kingdom not as far reaching as first assumed, say campaigners Wear clothes or make-up that ”show off their beauty“. Upon marriage, women retain control and ownership of any property that they may already own; the default marital property regime is separation of … [113] Since the shops served women customers, employing women would prevent mixing of the sexes in public (ikhtilat). [114] According to Mona al-Munajjed, a senior advisor with Booz & Company's Ideation Center, the number of Saudi women working in banking grew from 972 in 2000 to 3,700 in 2008.[115]. Women in the kingdom will be able to view documents related to the termination of their marriage contracts through the ministry’s website," the justice ministry said. [39][43] They point to women whose careers were ended by the guardians, or who lost their children because of a lack of custody rights. The decrees came at "the height of the Arab Spring" and were "widely interpreted" by activists as an attempt to preempt "pro-democracy protests. [135], The opening of the university caused public debate. There is no doubt in stating that if Saudi Labor Law is fully implemented, all the employees working in Saudi Arabia will be very happy. [20] He also issued a decree allowing women to drive, lifting the world's only ban on women drivers. Saudi women can now travel without the permission of a …