Just to remind me and you that it’s not necessary to be super-human. Click on an acronym to view each weed list, or click here for a composite list of Weeds of the U.S. NE&GP: Stubbendieck, J., G.Y. Young plants were harvested by Native Americans and used as a cooked plant in spring when other food plants were scarce. Stinging Nettle is a perennial herb growing nearly worldwide. Thanks to fermented stinging nettle tea, create your own 100% organic fertilizer and parasite repellent!. It is less widespread in southern Europe and north Africa, where it is restricted by its need for moist soil, but is still common. Stinging nettle, or urtica dioica, is a perennial flowering plant that has been used medicinally for ages, dating back as far as Ancient Greece. The plant can spread vegetatively with its yellow creeping rhizomes and often forms dense colonies. Yes, that piece of baling twine is still there. Nettle, 'Stinging Nettle' Urtica dioica Don't let the name scare you away! [67], Three cultivation techniques can be used for the stinging nettle: 1) direct sowing, 2) growing seedlings in nurseries with subsequent transplantation and 3) vegetative propagation via stolons or head cuttings. Stinging nettle is a plant. Stinging nettle, Urtica dioica, has leaves and stems with tiny, hollow, tipped hairs. Other plants, such as opuntias, have hairs or spines that cause mechanical irritation, but do not inject chemicals. Certain plants work particularly well side by side with cannabis and have earned the title of “companion plants”. According to the USDA's range map, it (Urtica dioica) has not been confirmed in Arkansas. The cist dated from between 1730 and 1600 BC. Urtica urens (left) is the other common variety which is annual stinging nettle or dwarf nettle which I have been eating all winter. [68], The stinging nettle can also be grown in controlled-environment agriculture systems, such as soil-less medium cultivations or aeroponics, which may achieve higher yields, standardize quality, and reduce harvesting costs and contamination. A perennial plant to zone 2, nettle likes full sun but can grow in the shade, although shaded plants may not be as tall. It loves nitrogen and is often found colonizing old farmsteads. The plant usually grows between two to four feet high and blooms from June to September. There are 5 subspecies of which 4 have stinging hairs. ​After 2 to 3 weeks in the shade ​with a loose lid on to let air in and keep critters out, this will be a black liquid smelling ​a lot like cow dung: liquid fertiliser. Hi PJ, I understand you can eat wood nettle ((Laportea canadensis)) but I don’t know anything about them. [45], Nettle stems contain a bast fibre that has been traditionally used for the same purposes as linen and is produced by a similar retting process. Today, it can be found all over the world, but its origins are in the colder regions of Europe and Asia. You can consume the leaves fresh, but if you want to preserve the nettle plants to be consumed or used later, there are a few things that you can try. Stinging nettle manure is highly regarded as a mild plant protector and biological fertilizer in an ecologically farmed hobby garden. [56] Depending on the batch and the leave and stem content, nettle contains only traces of zeaxanthin or between 20 – 60 mg / kg of dry matter. Stinging nettle has naturalized in nearly every state in the United States. In the German language, the idiom sich in die Nesseln setzen, or to sit in nettles, means to get into trouble. Never mind worrying about pests and disease. I’m sure an internet search would yield lots of information though. Although nutritious, it is not widely eaten by either wildlife or livestock, presumably because of the sting. [53], Carotenoids can be found primarily in the leaves, where different forms of lutein, xanthophyll and carotene are present (Table 2). The plant is considered an herbaceous perennial, meaning that it has herbal properties and grows back in the same areas year after year. Stinging Nettle – A Wild and Unruly Plant. In Hungarian, the idiom csalánba nem üt a mennykő, the thunderbolt does not strike into nettle, means bad people escape trouble or the devil looks after his own. ), ​Or I drop them into soups. I have never tasted a cooked green – either wild or domestic – that I like better. Your nettles will be ready to harvest between 80-90 days from seed. [15], Urtica dioica produces its inflammatory effect on skin (stinging, burning sensation often called "contact urticaria") both by impaling the skin via spicules – causing mechanical irritation – and by biochemical irritants, such as histamine, serotonin, and acetylcholine, among other chemicals. Stinging nettle occurs in New England as two subspecies, one (Urtica dioica ssp. Nettle is a deeply nourishing herb, helping to revitalize the entire body and increase overall health. Here are some ideas for making use of the free food and fertiliser that this under-appreciated weed has to offer. Get the latest permaculture news stories straight in your inbox, The Advanced Permaculture Student Teacher's Guide, The Permaculture Student 2: A Collection of Regenerative Solutions (eBook), 8 plants that keep bugs far away from your house, Dominant Healthcare vs Marginalised Alternatives, Permaculture support needed in Jalaidh River, Nepal, Personal Responsibility and Causes for Consumerism, “We’re running out of oil!” – Formidable Vegetable Sound System Live on BBC London, It’s a resource that otherwise goes to landfill, It feeds my soil (appropriately balanced with other nitrogenous inputs I use) as it breaks down, Running weeds such as couch grass and nettle are much easier to pull out when they’re running under or over cardboard than over uncovered soil, since they’re loosely rooted if you catch them early enough. In Europe, nettles have a strong association with human habitation and buildings. I’ve been a fan of nettle ever since I first read about nettle in Susun Weed’s book, Healing Wise – which was about the best introduction I can imagine. [47] German Army uniforms were almost all made from nettle during World War I due to a potential shortage of cotton. [1][7], Urtica dioica is a dioecious, herbaceous, perennial plant, 1 to 2 m (3 to 7 ft) tall in the summer and dying down to the ground in winter. Pistillate flower has four tepals in different-sized pairs, are greyish green and hairy. More recently, companies in Austria, Germany, and Italy have started to produce commercial nettle textiles. [33] The leaves are also dried and may then be used to make a herbal tea, as can also be done with the nettle's flowers. [5][16][17][18][19] Anti-itch drugs, usually in the form of creams containing antihistamines or hydrocortisone, may provide relief from nettle dermatitis. [46], Historically, nettles have been used to make clothing for almost 3,000 years, as ancient nettle textiles from the Bronze Age have been found in Denmark. stinging nettle. [57][58][59] Feeding as little as 6.25 g dry nettle per kg feed is as effective as the synthetic pigments to colour the egg yolk. ​If I’m planning to eat it, I harvest ​the tips (wearing gloves) and snip the leaves into a bowl. Plants are generally shorter than stinging nettle, reaching only 4 feet (1.2 m) tall at the most. About The Stinging Nettle Plant. But with the Stinging Nettle the pain is literal because its fine hairs, even only brushed lightly on bare skin bare skin, create the feeling akin to dozens of little syringes injecting fiery pain. Here are some ideas for ​​making use of the ​free food and fertiliser ​that this under-appreciated weed has to offer. The leaves and some branches and fruits of Stinging Tees are covered in tiny hairs, hollow silica needles that range in length from 0.2 to 2 millimeters. [42], As Old English stiðe, nettle is one of the nine plants invoked in the pagan Anglo-Saxon Nine Herbs Charm, recorded in 10th century traditional medicine. Stinging nettle has a long and diverse history of use for food, medicine, cordage, and dye. Competitors are given 60 cm (24 in) stalks of the plant, from which they strip the leaves and eat them. The medicinal properties of nettles were first harnessed in medieval Europe. [25] The same idiom exists in the Serbian language - неће гром у коприве. Depending on your climate, you may have nettles available year-round (remember not to eat/drink ​the leaves while its flowering/seeding) or every spring. It grows in abundance in the Pacific Northwest, especially in places where annual rainfall is high. Pick the first two or three pairs of leaves from the top of the plants. The ideal time for the harvest lies between May and July, as long as the plants are not yet blooming. (Caution: Nettle can be harvested for eating any time except when it’s flowering or seeding. This plant has low severity poison characteristics. Shakespeare's Hotspur urges that "out of this nettle, danger, we pluck this flower, safety" (Henry IV, part 1, Act II Scene 3). [53] Nettle contains much less carotenes and retinol than carrots, which contain 8.35 RE per g fresh weight. Unlike cotton, nettles grow easily without pesticides. It is also eaten by the larvae of some moths including angle shades, buff ermine, dot moth, the flame, the gothic, grey chi, grey pug, lesser broad-bordered yellow underwing, mouse moth, setaceous Hebrew character, and small angle shades. Stinging nettle is a large, rhizomatous perennial wild edible plant that can grow quite tall. A complete meal, as far as I’m concerned. They need to stay in a closed container. ​Although it’s often talked about in terms of its medicinal properties, I prefer to think of nettle as a food. Stinging Nettle, Urtica dioica, is an easy to grow perennial herb known for its medicinal uses . Young plants were harvested by Native Americansand used as a cooked plant in spring when other food plants were scarce. Stinging nettle herb is a very effective anti-inflammatory agent. [36], Nettles are used in Albania as part of the dough filling for the börek. ​Besides feeding us, our nettle patch also nourishes our garden and compost bins. ​Same bed (below), with nettle harvested and a new cardboard barrier in place. Stinging nettle, or urtica dioica, is a perennial flowering plant that has been used medicinally for ages, dating back as far as Ancient Greece. [20] Dock leaves, which often grow in similar habitats, are regarded as a folk remedy to counteract the sting of a nettle,[21] although there is no evidence of any chemical effect. (I’ve shared some links at the end of this article to resources that describe its amazing nutritional profile.). [39], In the UK, an annual World Nettle Eating Championship draws thousands of people to Dorset, where competitors attempt to eat as much of the raw plant as possible. ​(In defense of baling twine: ​when I had nearly finished this article, I looked at this picture properly and realised there was a messy piece of ​baling twine right in the middle of it. Inflorescence is catkin-like, 48 cm (1.63.2\") long. I was expecting maybe bare roots wrapped in a moist paper towel and plastic bag. Stinging nettle is used for diabetes and osteoarthritis. Above: nettle infusion, a staple drink in our house, which I learned about in Healing Wise. Whoever strips and eats the most stinging nettle leaves in a fixed time is the winner. Medicinal Plants Stinging Nettle Nourishment for You and Your Garden. Like nettle leaves. Those “ dynamic accumulators ” readily take up nutrients and minerals from the soil, and then store them in highly bioavailable forms and concentrations in their leaves. The metaphor may refer to the fact that if a nettle plant is grasped firmly rather than brushed against, it does not sting so readily, because the hairs are crushed down flat and do not penetrate the skin so easily.[24]. Your nettles will be ready to harvest between 80-90 days from seed. Stinging nettle herb also helps with arthritis, joint disease, liver, kidney,Also helps to cure stomach inflammation. It bears small, greenish or brownish, numerous flowers in dense axillary inflorescences. It primarily grows in damp, fertile soil. Vitamins A, C, D and B complex are all in this wonderful plant as well. That said, I think they have a more subtle, lighter flavor, especially when used raw. Originally from Europe and Asia, this plant has sharp hairs that break easily and can irritate or sting when the plant is touched; however it is a vitamin-rich food source as well as a remedy for various medical conditions. Cambridge University Press. Kate writes at ARealGreenLife.com about thinking differently and living a more natural, connected, and sustainable life. Stinging Nettle Rash. Common stinging nettle (Urtica dioica) is a perennial plant found in temperate regions throughout the world. Fresh nettle leaves can be stored in the refrigerator for 2-5 days. Discover fermented stinging nettle tea, an excellent fertilizer for plants in both gardens and vegetable patches, and an amazing pest control agent for most parasites like aphids.. In North America, it is widely distributed in Canada and the United States, where it is found in every province and state except for Hawaii, and also can be found in northernmost Mexico. [34] Nettle soup is a common use of the plant, particularly in Northern and Eastern Europe. In Dutch, a netelige situatie means a predicament. The common British Stinging Nettle is known for the tiny stinging hairs which cause irritation to the skin upon contact. They look healthy and full of life. Benefits. Stinging nettle herb (also known as urtica dioica) is used as a home remedy to lower blood pressure, balance blood sugar levels, help fight allergies, and even serve as a natural anti-inflammatory. This ​batch of chicken and nettle soup had bits of chicken meat in it. They occur in many different environments, but particularly wet, shady areas. Feeding nettle has no detrimental effect on the performance of the laying hens or the general egg quality. Formerly, more species were recognised than are now accepted. Often maligned due to its painful “stings,” stinging nettle is actually a flavorful, high-protein superfood with a long history of use as a culinary, medicinal, and fiber plant. Originally native to Europe, much of temperate Asia and western North Africa,[1] it is now found worldwide, including New Zealand[2] and North America. The leaves and young stems of this herbaceous plant are fitted with stinging hairs tipped with formic acid and other irritants. The toothed leaves are borne oppositely along the stem, and both the stems and leaves are covered with numerous stinging and non-stinging trichomes (plant hairs). [44], In indigenous justice systems in Ecuador, urtication was used as punishment for severe crimes in 2010. Now I have a good chance. Stinging Nettle may be one of the most nutrient dense plants you could ever hope to eat. You’ll often find it sneaking ​along beside, through, or under the walls of barns, stables, ​gardens, and houses​. The leaves and stems of the plant are covered with brittle, hollow, hair-like structures. Bolick. ​If you’re wild-harvesting nettle, look for it near stream banks and ponds, and in low, shady areas. The sting HOW DO THEY STING? I have a personal theory that the plants (“weeds”) that most persistently follow human beings about are those that have the most to offer us in terms of medicine, food, help in our gardens, and other useful things. The leaves and young stems of this herbaceous plant are fitted with stinging hairs tipped with formic acid and other irritants. The plant has been shown to cleanse the body of metabolic waste and increase production of red blood cells. To help ensure that the stinging nettle doesn’t grow back, use a modified version of “ sheet mulching .” Start by covering the spot with a layer of cardboard, then place 4-6″ of wood chips on top of the cardboard. And when you think it’s done or you have a new batch ready, put the plant material and any left-over liquid on the compost. How did I miss that?! [67] Regular and persistent tilling will greatly reduce its numbers, and the use of herbicides such as 2,4-D and glyphosate are effective control measures. It is possible that the sash was traded from mainland Europe, but perhaps more probable that it was locally made. Kate Martignier Send an email June 4, 2020. "The Names of Plants". Stinging plant § Plants with stinging hairs, "Identifying plant fibre textiles from Norwegian Merovingian Period and Viking Age graves: The Late Iron Age Collection of the University Museum of Bergen", "Mechanism of Action of Stinging Nettles", "U.K. Standards of care for occupational contact dermatitis and occupational contact urticaria", "Home remedies: dock leaves for nettle stings", "The Project Gutenberg eBook of The Æsop For Children, by Æsop", "Grasping the nettle: an empirical enquiry", "The cist on Whitehorse Hill - Current Archaeology", "Gouda Cheese with Stinging Nettles: Cooking Terms", World Stinging Nettle Eating Championship attracts record crowd, "Homebrew from the hedgerow: nettle beer", "Galactagogue herbs: a qualitative study and review", "Ecuador's indigenous justice system on trial", "Nettle as a distinct Bronze-Age textile plant", "Second skin: why wearing nettles is the next big thing", "10 Jahre anbautechnische Versuche zu Fasernesseln (Urtica dioica L.) in Thüringen", "Production and processing of organically grown fiber nettle (Urtica dioica L.) and its potential use in the natural textile industry: A review", "USDA National Nutrient Database: raw carrot", "Oxidative stability of the meat of broilers supplemented with rosemary leaves, rosehip fruits, chokeberry pomace, and entire nettle, and effects on performance and meat quality", "Growth Performance, Blood Metabolites, Antioxidant Stability and Carcass Characteristics of Broiler Chickens Fed Diets Containing Nettle (Urtica dioica. [74], "Stinging nettle" redirects here. About The Stinging Nettle Plant. Take it from someone who is very familiar with both smells.). Thousands of new, high-quality pictures added every day. The top baby leaves are selected and simmered, then mixed with other ingredients such as herbs and rice, before being used as a filling between dough layers. Stinging nettle has a long ​and diverse history of use ​for ​food, medicine, cordage, and dye. In this video we find out what really happens when you get stung by a stinging nettle. The stinging nettle is a plant found practically all over the world. In this video we find out what really happens when you get stung by a stinging nettle. Not only does nettle follow us about but it leaves us in no doubt, when we brush against it, about its presence and identity. These hairs act like miniature hypodermic needles, injecting you with histamine, folic acid, and other substances that cause localized redness and pain. Stinging nettle (Urtica dioica)​ originated in Europe but now grows ​on every continent but Antarctica​, where-ever there is fertile, moist soil, and particularly where the soil has been disturbed. ​. Standard deviations are given in brackets. ​​I wanted to show you cutting the nettle back at the edge of the bed, but I needed my cutting hand to hold the camera. Stinging hairs of Urtica dioica (stinging nettle) A stinging plant or a plant with stinging hairs is a plant with hairs (trichomes) on its leaves or stems that are capable of injecting substances that cause pain or irritation. Stinging nettle belongs to a special group of plants referred to as “dynamic accumulators”, which also includes yarrow, borage, fava beans, comfrey, dandelion, miner’s lettuce, and chickweed. ​All this food, fertiliser, and what-ever other uses you might want to put nettle to—there are many, some detailed in the book and articles I’ve listed below—is available for very little effort on your part. Urtica dioica is considered to be native to Europe, much of temperate Asia and western North Africa. Stinging nettle (Urtica dioica) has been a staple in herbal medicine since ancient times. Plant in full sun or partial shade. [27] The idea was mentioned by William Camden in his book Britannia of 1586. Managing Pests and Disease. The stinging nettle is a plant found practically all over the world. are herbaceous, fast-growing plants native to the U.S. and Europe. Jewelweed has oval, green leaves with orange or yellow trumpet-shaped flowers. Pick the first two or three pairs of leaves from the top of the plants. Nettle, Urtica dioica, is an herbaceous perennial in the Urticaceae family that is often found growing wild in the understory of riparian zones, on the edges of meadows, in open forests, or in disturbed soils near pasture. This crop has gained the interest both scientifically and commercially because it is the source of many added-value natural products by exploiting all the plant parts (stem, leaves, roots and seeds). As the seeds are effortlessly surviving every form of production you can leave blooming or withered stinging nettles out of your consideration. It pre-dates the nettle; if I did this ​from scratch, I wouldn’t bother protecting the nettle from bandicoots. Harvesting the stinging nettle The little stinging nettle (Urtica urens) as well as the big stinging nettle (Urtica dioca) are the perfect ingredient for the production of brew and manure. You may want to reduce the amount of water you dilute it with when you think it’s getting a bit weaker. Coming into contact with this plant can cause skin irritation, hives, and burning pain. Minerals (Ca, K, Mg, P, Si, S, Cl) and trace elements (Ti, 80 ppm,[55] Mn, Cu, Fe) contents depend mostly on the soil and the season. The best time to harvest nettles is the first few weeks of spring when the leaves are young and tender. dioica) is introduced. Thinking of nettle as a super-food reminds me to eat it often as a cooked green (it loses its sting when you cook it). I decided to leave ​it as it was rather than go outside, secure that chicken netting by some other means, take another picture, re-edit it, and re-load it. Stinging Nettle is a plant all hikers should be aware of. Caused by eating wrong type of food. Benefits. Photo credit: janGlas via Foter.com / CC BY-NC-ND. The roots are sometimes eaten by the larva of the ghost moth (Hepialus humuli). This plant native to areas such as North Africa, Europe, and parts of Asia is a perennial herbaceous flowering plant that can grow unbidden in your garden while spreading through the medium of seeds and rhizomes. Urtica dioica, often known as common nettle, stinging nettle (although not all plants of this species sting) or nettle leaf, or just a nettle or stinger, is a herbaceous perennial flowering plant in the family Urticaceae. Seeds contain much more fatty acid than leaves.[54]. Nettles are sometimes used in cheesemaking, for example in the production of Cornish Yarg[35] and as a flavouring in varieties of Gouda.